Socotra

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Socotra
Native name: سُقُطْرَى
Suquṭra
Socotra satview.jpg
Landsat view over Socotra
Geography
Location Indian Ocean
Coordinates 12°30′36″N 53°55′12″E / 12.51°N 53.92°E / 12.51; 53.92Coordinates: 12°30′36″N 53°55′12″E / 12.51°N 53.92°E / 12.51; 53.92
Archipelago Socotra islands
Total islands 4
Major islands Socotra, Abd al Kuri, Samhah, Darsah
Area 3,796 km2 (1,466 sq mi)
Length 132 km (82 mi)
Width 50 km (31 mi)
Elevation 1,503 m (4,931 ft)
Highest point unnamed point in the Haghier Mountains
Country
Yemen
Governorate Hadhramaut
Districts Hadibu (east)
Qulansiyah wa 'Abd-al-Kūrī (west)
Largest city Hadibu (pop. 8,545)
Demographics
Population 42,842 (as of 2004 census)
Density 11.3 /km2 (29 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups predominantly Arabs and Soqotris; also Somalis, Indians, and peoples descended from various Black African ethnic groups
Additional information
Official name: Socotra Archipelago
Type: Natural
Criteria: x
Designated: 2008 (32nd session)
Reference #: 1263
State Party:  Yemen
Region: Arab States

Socotra (Arabic: سُقُطْرَى Suquṭra), also spelled Soqotra, is a small archipelago of four islands in the Indian Ocean. The largest island is also called Socotra. It is located 240 kilometres (150 mi) east of the Horn of Africa and 380 kilometres (240 mi) south of the Arabian Peninsula.[1] The island is very isolated and more than 30% of its plants is unique only to Socotra. It has been described as the most alien-looking place on Earth. The island is 132 kilometres (82 mi) in length and 49.7 kilometres (30.9 mi) in width.[2]

Socotra belongs to Republic of Yemen. Somalia also says it has rights to the islands.[source?]

References[change | change source]