Sodium phosphide

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Sodium phosphide is a chemical compound. It contains sodium and phosphide ions. Its chemical formula is Na3P.

Properties[change | change source]

Sodium phosphide is a black solid. It is ionic. There are several other sodium phosphides that do not have the formula Na3P. It reacts with acids to make phosphine gas. It is a reducing agent.

Preparation[change | change source]

It can be made by reacting liquid sodium with phosphorus(V) chloride. It can also be made by reacting sodium with phosphorus.

Uses[change | change source]

It is used to make semiconductors. It can also be used as a catalyst.

Safety[change | change source]

Sodium phosphide is flammable, making toxic gases when burned. It also makes toxic flammable gases when reacted with acids.

Related pages[change | change source]