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Soma is a term with two different origins:

  1. Soma (drink): a ritual drink of early Indo-Iranians, continued in Vedic and Persian sources.
  2. A word of Ancient Greek origin meaning "body".
    1. Somatic cell: a basic term in biology, describing the body cells as opposed to the reproductive cells. August Weismann insisted that what happened to the soma could not be acquired by what he called the "germ plasm".
    2. Soma (nerve cell), the body ("perikaryon") of a nerve cell as opposed to its dendrites or axon.
  3. Soma (fiction), a hallucinogenic drug in Aldous Huxley's novels Brave New World and Island.