Spanking is hitting the buttocks of another person to cause them pain, but without injuring them. Spanking normally involves one person hitting the buttocks of another person with an open hand.
Usually in a spanking, the child lies across the parent's lap, and the parent brings their open hand down upon the child's buttocks. Alternatively, the youngster might be told to bend over, or lie face down across a bed. Spankings may be delivered over the trousers, over the underwear, or on the bare bottom. People who approve of spanking say that the bottom is the safest place to hit the child, since there is little danger of injury to this part of the body.
References[change | change source]
- Elder, G.H.; Bowerman C.E. (1963). "Family structure and child rearing patterns: the effect of family size and sex composition". American Sociological Review 28 (6): 891–905. .
- Gelles, Richard J.; Straus, Murray A.; Smith, Christine (1995). Physical Violence in American Families: risk factors and adaptations to violence in 8,145 families. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction. .
- Jacklin, Carol Nagy; Maccoby, Eleanor E. (1978). The Psychology of Sex Differences. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. p. 332. .
- MacDonald, A.P. (August 1971). "Internal-external locus of control: parental antecedents". Journal of consulting and clinical psychology 37 (1): 141–147. . .
- Straus, Murray A. (1971). "Some social antecedents of physical punishment: a linkage theory interpretation". Journal of Marriage and the Family 33 (4): 658–663. .