St Kilda

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Coordinates: 57°49′2″N 8°34′36″W / 57.81722°N 8.57667°W / 57.81722; -8.57667

St Kilda
Location
St Kilda is located in Scotland
St Kilda
St Kilda shown within Scotland.
OS grid reference: NF095995
Names
Gaelic name: Loudspeaker.png Hiort (info • help)
Norse name: Possibly Skildir
Meaning of name: Unknown, possibly Gaelic for "westland"
Area and Summit
Area: 854.6 ha
Highest elevation: Conachair 430 m
Population
Population (2001): Uninhabited since 1930
Main settlement: Am Baile (the Village)
Groupings
Island Group: St Kilda
Local Authority: Comhairle nan Eilean Siar
Scotland Lymphad3.svg
References: [1][2]

St Kilda is a small archipelago of Hebridean islands. It is northwest of the coast of Scotland. The islands are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[3]

St Kilda has large seabird colonies. The island has the largest colony of North Atlantic gannets in the world.[4]

History[change | change source]

It is known that people have lived on St Kilda for over 2000 years. The entire population was evacuated from the island in 1930. St Kilda was given to the National Trust for Scotland in 1957.

In the 21st century, the only year-round residents are defence personnel. Many conservation workers, volunteers and scientists spend time on the islands in the summer months.[5]

National Nature Reserve[change | change source]

St Kilda became a National Nature Reserves (NNR) in 1957. It is one of 71 NNRs in Scotland. In 2004, the NNR was expanded. The nearby marine features were added. The islands were also added.

In July 2005, it became one of the few World Heritage Sites to have a "mixed" status for its natural and cultural qualities.[6] They are also a National Scenic Area.

Gallery[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Get-a-map "NF095995" Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 28 December 2007.
  2. Iain Mac an Tailleir. "Placenames" (PDF). Pàrlamaid na h-Alba. http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/vli/language/gaelic/pdfs/placenamesP-Z.pdf. Retrieved 2007-07-23.
  3. UNESCO, "St Kilda"; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  4. National Trust for Scotland (National Trust), "Marine Environment gains World Heritage Protection," 2 July 2004; retrieved 2012-4-20.
  5. "The new residents of St Kilda archipelago". (29 August 2010). BBC News. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  6. National Trust, "Dual World Heritage Status For Unique Scottish Islands," 14 July 2005; retrieved 2012-4-20.

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to St Kilda (Scotland) at Wikimedia Commons

This article is about a World Heritage Site