Stanley Cohen (biochemist)

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Stanley Cohen (biochemist)

Stanley Cohen (biochemist)
Born 17 November 1922 (1922-11-17) (age 92)
New York City, New York
Nationality American
Fields Biochemistry
Institutions Washington University in St. Louis
Alma mater University of Michigan
Known for Nerve growth factor
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1986)
The Franklin Medal (1987)

Stanley Cohen (born November 17, 1922) is an American biochemist. He won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1986.[1] His research on cellular growth factors has helped people understand how cancer starts and how to design anti-cancer drugs.[2]

He was also, with Herbert Boyer, one of the first to do any kind of genetic engineering.[3]

Biography[change | change source]

Cohen majored in chemistry and biology at Brooklyn College. He received a bachelor's degree in 1943, and earned money as a bacteriologist at a plant that processes milk. Later in 1945, he received an M.A. in zoology from Oberlin College. He also received a Ph.D. from the department of biochemistry at the University of Michigan in 1948.[2]

In the 1950s, Cohen worked with Rita Levi-Montalcini at Washington University in St. Louis. He isolated the nerve growth factor and then discovered the epidermal growth factor. In 1959, he began teaching biochemistry at Vanderbilt University.[2]

Cohen also received the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University in 1983 and the National Medal of Science in 1986.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. "The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1986". nobelprize.org. The Nobel Foundation. Archived from the original on 29 March 2011. http://www.webcitation.org/5xXh2j7Vc. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Hall of Honor Inductee: Dr. Stanley Cohen". NICHD. January 24, 2007. Archived from the original on 29 March 2011. http://www.webcitation.org/5xXhBVmIX. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
  3. Cohen S; Chang A.; Boyer H. & Helling R. 1973. Construction of biologically functional bacterial plasmids in vitro. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 70 (11): 3240–3244. [1]

Other websites[change | change source]

This person was awarded a Nobel Prize