|Type||low house of the Russian parliament|
|Speaker||Sergei Naryshkin, United Russia
since Decemer 4, 2011
|Leader of the Opposition||Gennady Zyuganov, CPRF
since December 4, 2011
|Political groups||United Russia
|Okhotny Ryad No. 1, Manege Square, Moscow|
The State Duma (Russian: Государственная Дума); the Lower House of the Parliament and is a part of the legislative branch of the government of Russia. The State Duma was first introduced in 1906 and was Russia's first elected parliament. In 1922 it was replaced with the Soviet Parliament, and was re-established in 1993.
It makes laws, elects the prime minister, supervises the work of the government, and has the power to remove the President from office and to call new elections. The Duma has de jure authority to make and change any laws without being overturned.
It can pass any law by a simple majority. There are 450 members in the Duma.