|Stephen D. Krashen|
|Occupation||Linguist, educational researcher|
|Employer||University of Southern California|
Stephen Krashen is a linguist and educational researcher. He is professor emeritus at the University of Southern California (USC). Krashen moved from the USC linguistics department to the School of Education in 1994. He is also an activist who works hard to support bilingual education.
Work[change | edit source]
Dr. Krashen has published more than 350 papers and books about second-language acquisition, bilingual education, and reading. He introduced several important ideas in the study of learning another language, including the acquisition-learning hypothesis, input hypothesis, monitor hypothesis, affective filter, and the natural order hypothesis. He started the Natural Approach to language learning and teaching with Tracy D. Terrell . More recently, Krashen promotes the use of free voluntary reading during second-language acquisition, which he says "is the most powerful tool we have in language education, first and second."
Educational Activism[change | edit source]
Krashen lives and works in California. Government plans for education there turned against bilingual education. Krashen said that this was a bad idea and responded with research that showed problems with he new policies. He also spoke publicly and wrote many letters to newspaper editors. In 1998, Krashen campaigned very hard against Proposition 227. Though he tried hard, the proposition passed and got rid of most bilingual education in California. Even though he lost, Krashen continues to work hard in support of bilingual education as other states try to get rid of it. His letters often appear in many newspapers. Krashen believes researchers should be more active to educate the public, especially about bilingual education.
Personal[change | edit source]
Writing[change | edit source]
- Krashen, S.D. (1981). Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Learning. Oxford: Pergamon. http://www.sdkrashen.com/SL_Acquisition_and_Learning/SL_Acquisition_and_Learning.pdf.
- Krashen, S.D. (1982). Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: Pergamon. http://www.sdkrashen.com/Principles_and_Practice/Principles_and_Practice.pdf.
- Krashen, S.D. (1985), The Input Hypothesis: Issues and Implications, New York: Longman
- Krashen, S.D. (1989), "We Acquire Vocabulary and Spelling by Reading: Additional Evidence for the Input Hypothesis", The Modern Language Journal, 73, pp. 440–464, http://www.jstor.org/stable/326879
- Krashen, S.D. (1994), "The Comprehension Hypothesis and its Rivals", pp. 9
- Krashen, S.D. (1996), The case for narrow listening, 24, System, pp. 97–100
- Mason, B.; Krashen, S. (1997), "Extensive reading in English as a foreign language", System, 25, pp. 91–102, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VCH-3SWV634-9/2/82bb76fdafffab22aaa207064817b630
- Krashen, S.D. (2003), Explorations in Language Acquisition and Use, Portsmouth: NH: Heinemann., https://www.heinemann.com/shared/onlineresources/E00554/chapter2.pdf
- Krashen, S.D; Terrell, T.D. (1983). The Natural Approach. New York: Pergamon.
- McQuillan, J.; Krashen (2008), "Commentary: Can free reading take you all the way? A response to Cobb (2007)", About Language Learning & Technology, 6, pp. 104–109, http://llt.msu.edu/vol12num1/mcquillan/default.html
References[change | edit source]
- "Emeriti and Retired". USC Rossier School of Education. http://rossier.usc.edu/faculty/emeriti-faculty.html.
- "2005 NABE Executive Board Election, Regional Representatives, West Region —Candidates’ Statements & Biographies (PDF)". National Association for Bilingual Education. http://www.nabe.org/documents/elections/west.pdf.
- Krashen, S. (2003) Explorations in Language Acquisition and Use. Portsmouth: Heimemann.
- "Achievement Profile: Stephen Krashen". Scott, R.. http://www.eslminiconf.net/september/krashen.html.
Other websites[change | edit source]
- Books and articles by Stephen D Krashen
- Response to criticism by Ron Unz
- NPR Talk of the Nation episode featuring Stephen Krashen
- Krashen's Comprehension Hypothesis Model of L2 learning Applied linguist Vivian Cook's page on Krashen's hypotheses.