The different types of stev[change | edit source]
There are different types of stev:
- gamle-stev or "gamlestev" is the oldest type. It is likely that gamle-stev were danced. [ref 1] The earliest gamle-stev have been found from around the end of the 1200's. Most gamle-stevs are from Setesdal and Vest-Telemark. Some gamle-stev may be part of folk songs. The gamle-stev is the only part of the folk song which was past down from generation to generation. The rest of the folk song is no longer known.
- ny-stev or "nystev" have probably been around since about year 1700. Most ny-stevs have been replaced by rural folksongs in Telemark, but not in Setesdal.
- om-kved or "omkved" are similar to refrains in ballads. Inn-stev, etter-stev, mellom-sleng  and etter-sleng  are different types of om-kved.
- slåtte-stev or "slåttestev" are instrumental dance songs.
- herme-stev or hermestev are often referred to as "parody-quote" stev. The contain apologetic proverbs (also known as Wellerisms).
The people who can perform stev[change | edit source]
A person who can perform a stev, is known as a kveder ( a type of artist ). Aslak Brekke is possibly the most well known of those who have been recorded. A kveder from Setesdal, when performing stev, usually sings more slowly, than a kveder from Telemark.[ref 2] One reason for this may be that the text of Setesdal stev are usually more meditative (or elegiac).[ref 2]
Notes[change | edit source]
- "inn-stev" can also be spelled "innstev"
- "etter-stev" can also be spelled "etterstev"
- "mellom-sleng" can also be spelled "mellomsleng"
- "etter-sleng" can also be spelled "ettersleng"