Sud-Est Department

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 18°14′N 72°32′W / 18.233°N 72.533°W / 18.233; -72.533
Sud-Est
(Kréyòl: Sidès)
Department
Country Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti
Capital Jacmel
 - coordinates 18°14′N 72°32′W / 18.233°N 72.533°W / 18.233; -72.533
Area 2,023 km² (781 sq mi)
Population 484,675 (2003)
Density 239.6 /km² (621 /sq mi)
Subdivisions 3 Arrondissements
10 Communes
Timezone EST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST) DST (UTC-4)
Area code +509
ISO 3166-2 HT-SE
Location of the Sud-Est Department
Location of the Sud-Est Department

Sud-Est (English: South-East) is one of the ten departments (French: départments, singular départment) of Haiti. Its capital is Jacmel.

After the Haitian Revolution, the country was divided into only three departments: Nord, Ouest and Sud. The Sud-Est department was part of the Sud department.

Geography[change | change source]

The Départment du Sud-Est has an area of 2,023 km².[1] The department is in the Southern Peninsula, also known as the Tiburon Peninsula.

It is bordered to the north by the Ouest Department, to the west by the Sud Department and to the south by the Caribbean Sea. It borders the Dominican Republic to the east.

The Massif de la Selle is the main mountain range in the département and it covers almost all the department except for some small valleys near the coast, as the Jacmel valley. The highest mountain of Haiti, Pic la Selle (2,680 metres), is in the Massif de la Selle.

Rivers are short and they flow into the Caribbean Sea. The most important river is La Grande Rivière de Jacmel. Other rivers are Bainet, Belle-Anse, des Côtes-de-Fer, Gauche, de la Gosseline, Marigot and Pedernales; Pedernales marks the border with the Dominican Republic and is common to both countries.[1]

Population[change | change source]

The department had, in the 2003 census, a population of 484,675 persons: 235,187 men and 249,488 women, with 59,642 (12.31%) living in cities and towns.[2] The population density was, in that year, of 240 persons/km².

Administrative division[change | change source]

The department is divided into three arrondissements (like districts) and 10 communes (like municipalities). The "arrondissements" and their "communes" are:

  1. Bainet
    1. Bainet
    2. Côtes-de-Fer
  2. Belle-Anse
    1. Anse-à-Pitres
    2. Belle-Anse
    3. Grand-Gosier
    4. Thiotte
  3. Jacmel
    1. Cayes Jacmel
    2. Jacmel
    3. La Vallée
    4. Marigot

Economy[change | change source]

The main economic activity in the department is agriculture, with many very small farms where different crops are grown. On the mountains, coffee is grown.

Fishing is an important activity along the coast.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Départments géographiques d'Haïti" (in French). Haiti-Référence. http://www.haiti-reference.com/geographie/departement/index.html. Retrieved 24 October 2009.
  2. "Le 4ième Recensement Géneral de la Population et de l'Habitat" (in French) (PDF). Institut Haïtien de Statistique et d'Informatique. http://www.ihsi.ht/pdf/RGPH03_Resume_HAI.pdf. Retrieved 24 October 2009.


Drapeau haïtien Departments of Haiti Drapeau haïtien
Artibonite • Centre • Grand'Anse • Nippes • Nord • Nord-Est • Nord-Ouest • Ouest • Sud • Sud-Est