Surgeon General of the United States
|The Surgeon General of the
Flag of the United States Surgeon General
Seal of the United States Public Health Service, 1798
|Public Health Service
Public Health Service, Commissioned Corps
|Reports to||United States Assistant Secretary for Health|
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Formation||March 29, 1871|
|Deputy||Deputy Surgeon General of the United States|
The Surgeon General of the United States is in charge of the Public Health Service Commissioned Corps (PHSCC). They are the main spokesperson about things dealing with public health in the federal government. The Surgeon General's office and staff are known as the Office of the Surgeon General (OSG).
Selection and current office-holder[change | change source]
The Surgeon General is chosen by the U.S. President and confirmed by the Senate. The Surgeon General serves for a four-year period of time. The Surgeon General is either the highest ranking or second highest ranking uniformed officer of the PHSCC. This depends on if the current Assistant Secretary for Health is a PHSCC commissioned officer or not. The position has the grade of a three-star vice admiral . The current Acting Surgeon General is Rear Admiral Boris Lushniak, who was named to the position following Regina Benjamin's resignation on July 16, 2013.
Surgeons General of the United States[change | change source]
|#||Name||Photo||Term of Office||Appointed by|
|Start Of Term||End Of Term|
|1||John M. Woodworth||March 29, 1871||March 14, 1879||Ulysses S. Grant|
|2||RADM John B. Hamilton||April 3, 1879||June 1, 1891||Rutherford B. Hayes|
|3||RADM Walter Wyman||June 1, 1891||November 21, 1911||Benjamin Harrison|
|4||RADM Rupert Blue||January 13, 1912||March 3, 1920||William Taft|
|5||RADM Hugh S. Cumming||March 3, 1920||January 31, 1936||Woodrow Wilson|
|6||RADM Thomas Parran, Jr.||April 6, 1936||April 6, 1948||Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|7||RADM Leonard A. Scheele||April 6, 1948||August 8, 1956||Harry S Truman|
|8||RADM Leroy Edgar Burney||August 8, 1956||January 29, 1961||Dwight Eisenhower|
|9||RADM Luther Terry||March 2, 1961||October 1, 1965||John F. Kennedy|
|10||VADM William H. Stewart||October 1, 1965||August 1, 1969||Lyndon Johnson|
|11||RADM Jesse Leonard Steinfeld||December 18, 1969||January 30, 1973 ||Richard Nixon|
|(acting)||RADM S. Paul Ehrlich, Jr.||January 31, 1973 ||July 13, 1977|
|12||VADM Julius B. Richmond||July 13, 1977||January 20, 1981 ||Jimmy Carter|
|(acting)||Edward Brandt, Jr.||May 14, 1981||January 21, 1982||Ronald Reagan|
|13||VADM C. Everett Koop||January 21, 1982||October 1, 1989|
|(acting)||ADM James O. Mason||October 1, 1989||March 9, 1990||George H. W. Bush|
|14||VADM Antonia C. Novello||March 9, 1990||June 30, 1993|
|(acting)||RADM Robert A. Whitney||July 1, 1993||September 8, 1993||Bill Clinton|
|15||VADM Joycelyn Elders||September 8, 1993||December 31, 1994|
|(acting)||RADM Audrey F. Manley||January 1, 1995||July 1, 1997|
|16||ADM / VADM David Satcher||February 13, 1998||February 12, 2002|
|(acting)||RADM Kenneth P. Moritsugu||February 13, 2002||August 4, 2002||George W. Bush|
|17||VADM Richard Carmona||August 5, 2002||July 31, 2006|
|(acting)||RADM Kenneth P. Moritsugu||August 1, 2006||September 30, 2007|
|RADM Steven K. Galson||October 1, 2007||October 1, 2009|
|RADM Donald L. Weaver||October 1, 2009||November 3, 2009||Barack Obama|
|18||VADM Regina Benjamin||November 3, 2009||July 16, 2013|
|(acting)||RADM Boris D. Lushniak||July 17, 2013||Ongoing|
References[change | change source]
- Public Health, Commissioned Corps Uniforms and Ranks.
- David (June 12, 2013). "Surgeon General Regina Benjamin announces resignation". Public Health Newswire. American Public Health Association. http://www.publichealthnewswire.org/?p=7789. Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- "Jesse Leonard Steinfeld (1969-1973)". SurgeonGeneral.gov. 2007-01-04. http://www.surgeongeneral.gov/about/previous/biosteinfeld.html. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
- "HHS Secretaries - National Institutes of Health (NIH)". Nih.gov. http://www.nih.gov/about/almanac/archive/2003/historical/dhhs.htm. Retrieved 2014-04-29.
- "Obama picks Regina Benjamin as surgeon general". Reuters. July 13, 2009. http://www.reuters.com/article/healthNews/idUSTRE56C3HI20090713.
- Stobbe, Mike (December 3, 2009). "Surgeon general: More minority doctors needed". WTOP. http://www.wtop.com/?nid=106&sid=1829595. Retrieved December 5, 2009.