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A swamp is part of a wetland ecosystem. Swamps are forested, low, spongy land generally saturated with water and covered with trees and aquatic plants.[1] Big parts of swamps are often flooded with water. Swamps are nesting and breeding grounds for birds and other animals.

The Pantanal, a well known swamp

About 6 percent of Earth's surface is covered by swamps. Swamps are also filters for groundwater, and protect against flooding.

Some well-known swamps are:

References[change | change source]