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The Swatis (Pashto: سواتي) are a tribe inhabiting the Hazara region in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province and the Provincially Administered Tribal Areas (PATA) of Pakistan. They are mostly found in the districts of Mansehra and Batagram, and to some extent in Kohistan as well. A number of Swatis are also settled in the Kashmir region.
Origins and history[change | change source]
The Swatis claim to have originated in the Shalman area of Afghanistan[source?] and migrated to the Swat valley in the early 13th century[source?], around the time of Mohammad Ghori[source?]. The Swatis defeated the local Buddhists and Hindus of Swat District[source?] and established their own rule. The Swatis ruled in Swat for four centuries[source?].
The Swatis also claim to have founded the Shah Miri dynasty which ruled the Kashmir region from 1339 to 1569 AD[source?]. The founder of the dynasty was Shah Mir Baba[source?], who came from Swat and became the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir[source?].
Later on, the Yusufzai tribe, who had recently migrated to Peshawar and Bajaur after their expulsion from Kabul by Governor Ulugh Beg Mirza[source?] in the 16th century[source?], were welcomed by Swatis in the region. However, the Yusufzai pushed them out of Swat and took the area over themselves. Therefore, many Swatis crossed over into Hazara region and settled in their present homeland[source?].
Clans and subtribes[change | change source]
The Swatis are divided into three subtribes: Gebri, Mitrawi, and Mamaili[source?]. Gebri are settle in Kaghan valley, Balakot, Garhi Habibullah, Mansehra, Dhodial, Shinkiari,Baffa, Batagram, Thakot and Konsh Valley[source?]. Mitrawi, and Mamaili are settled in Bherkund, Agror, Tikri Valley and Deshan of District Batagram[source?].The Allai area is inhabited by all the three subtribes[source?].
Notable Swatis[change | change source]
- Shah Mir, Kashmiri ruler in the past
- Akund Saad-ud-din, Khan of Agror.
- Wajih uz Zaman Khan a tribal and political leader of Oghi.
References[change | change source]
- Provincial Assembly Entry on Wajih uz Zaman Khan Retrieved 7th December 2012