Teak

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Teak
Teak foliage and seeds
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Tectona
Species: T. grandis
Binomial name
Tectona grandis
L.f.
Flower, fruit & leaves of Tectona grandis in Kolkata, West Bengal, India.
U Bein Bridge Amarapura, Myanmar. The longest teak bridge in the world at 1.2 km (0.75 mi) in length.

Teak is the common name for the tropical hardwood tree species Tectona grandis and its wood products.[1] Tectona grandis is native to south and southeast Asia, mainly India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Burma, but grows in many countries, including those in Africa and the Caribbean. Burma produces nearly one third of the world's total teak.[source?]

The word teak comes from the Malayalam (in the Malabar Coast region) word theka or tekka.[2] This tree is mentioned in the seventh-century literature of Tamil popularly known as the Tevaram.

Tectona grandis is a large, deciduous tree that is dominant in mixed hardwood forests. It has small, fragrant white flowers and papery leaves that are often hairy on the lower surface.

References[change | change source]

  1. "GRIN Taxonomy for Plants - Tectona". United States Department of Agriculture. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?11908.
  2. Chambers, W. 1875. Chambers's Etymological Dictionary of the English Language. London. p. 513.