Template:IPA consonant chart

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IPA pulmonic consonants chartchart image • Loudspeaker.svg audio
Where the sound is made → Labial

(Lips)

Coronal

(Tip of Tongue)

Dorsal

(Middle of Tongue)

Radical

(Base of Tongue)

Glottal

(Throat)

↓ How the sound is made Bila​bial

(Both Lips)

Labio​dental

(Lips and Teeth)

Den​tal

(Teeth)

Alve​olar

(Against Ridge behind Teeth)

Post​alv.

(Back of Ridge behind Teeth)

Retro​flex

(Roof of Mouth)

Pal​a​tal

(Roof of Mouth)

Ve​lar

(Back Roof of Mouth)

Uvu​lar

(Uvula)

Pha​ryn​geal

(Pharynx)

Epi​glot​tal

{Epiglottis}

Glot​tal

(Glottis)

Nasal m ɱ n ɳ ɲ ŋ ɴ
Plosive p b t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k ɡ q ɢ ʡ ʔ
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ ʜ ʢ h ɦ
Approximant ʋ ɹ ɻ j ɰ
Trill ʙ r  * ʀ я *
Flap or tap ⱱ̟ ɾ ɽ ɢ̆ ʡ̯
Lateral Fric. ɬ ɮ ɭ˔̊ ʎ̥˔ ʟ̝̊
Lateral Appr. l ɭ ʎ ʟ
Lateral flap ɺ ɺ̢ * ʎ̯
Non-pulmonic consonants
Clicks ʘ ǀ ǃ ǂ ǁ
Implosives ɓ ɗ ʄ ɠ ʛ
Ejectives
tsʼ tɬʼ tʃʼ kxʼ kʼ
Affricates
p̪f ts dz ʈʂ ɖʐ
ɟʝ
Co-articulated consonants
Fricatives ɕ ʑ ɧ
Approximants ʍ w ɥ ɫ
Stops k͡p ɡ͡b ŋ͡m
These tables contain phonetic symbols, which may not display correctly in some browsers. [Help]
Where symbols appear in pairs, left—right are the voiceless—voiced consonants.
Shaded areas show the pulmonic consonants which are impossible to pronounce.
* Symbol not in IPA.
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