Theodor Herzl

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Theodor Herzl

Theodor Herzl
Native name תִאוַדור הֶרְצֵל
Born Benjamin Ze’ev Herzl
Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין זְאֵב הֶרְצֵל‎‎

May 2, 1860(1860-05-02)
Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary
Died July 3, 1904(1904-07-03) (aged 44)
Reichenau an der Rax, Austria-Hungary
Resting place Mount Herzl
Other names חוֹזֵה הַמְדִינָה (Khozeh HaMedinah, lit. "Visionary of the State")

Theodor Herzl (Hebrew: תִאוַדור הֶרְצֵל‎‎, Ti'vadar Hertzel; Hungarian: Herzl Tivadar; May 2, 1860 – July 3, 1904) was the founder of the modern political Zionism that established the modern state of Israel as today. He died of cardiac sclerosis in 1904 in Austria. He was buried in 1949 in Mount Herzl, which was named for him. Until 1949, Mount Herzl was the only National Military and Police Cemetery. After 1951 the National Civil Cemetery of the State of Israel (Helkat Gdolei Ha'Uma) was opened beside his grave in the Southern side of Mount Herzl. Also a section for his family graves was built near Mount Herzl Plaza and his grave.

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