|The Right Honourable His Eminence
|Archbishop of York, England|
Sampson Strong's portrait of Cardinal Wolsey at Christ Church (1610).
|Appointed||15 September 1514|
|Reign ended||29 November 1530|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of S. Cecilia (1515 - 1530)|
|Ordination||10 March 1498
by John Blythe
|Consecration||26 March 1514
by William Warham
|Created Cardinal||10 September 1515|
Ipswich, Suffolk, England
|Died||29 November 1530
Leicester, Leicestershire, England
|Parents||Robert Wolsey and Joan Daundy|
|Coat of arms|
Thomas Wolsey (born between 1471 and 1476 at Ipswich, Suffolk; died 29 November 1530) was an English statesman and archbishop. He was made a cardinal in 1515. Of humble origin, Thomas Wolsey became the principal figure in affairs of state for many years during the reign of King Henry VIII of England before falling into disgrace.
Cardinal Wolsey chiefly developed his talents in managing the foreign policy of the kingdom on behalf of Henry VIII. In spite of the many enemies who envied his ambition, he was able to acquire the confidence of the king until the latter decided to have his marriage to Catherine of Aragon annulled in order to marry Anne Boleyn.
Chronology[change | edit source]
- Between 1471 and 1476: born at Ipswich.
- 10 March 1498: ordained priest.
- 1509: Dean of Lincoln; made royal almoner and member of the Council.
- 1514: Took Thomas More into his service to look after his revenue.
- 1515: Archbishop of York and Chancellor of England.
- 1516: Obtained from Leo X the title of cardinal-legate. He proceeded to confiscate the possessions of the monastic orders and put himself forward as a candidate to succeed to the Papacy.
- 1518: Bishop of Bath and Wells (while still Archbishop of York)
- 1522: Resigned Bishopric of Bath and Wells
- 1525: Founded Cardinal College at Oxford (afterwards Christ Church), one of the largest and richest colleges of the University of Oxford.
- 1529: The varying attitudes of Wolsey, wishing not to arouse the displeasure of the Pope, had the effect of destroying his credit with the king. In the autumn, impelled by Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII brought charges against Thomas Wolsey. He was dismissed from his office of Lord Chancellor and deprived of his properties, including the palace of Whitehall, in which Henry decided to install himself in place of Westminster Palace.
- 29 November 1530: He died of exhaustion at Leicester while being transferred to the Tower of London.
References[change | edit source]
- Peter Gwyn, The King's Cardinal, p. 33