Thuringia

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Thuringia
Freistaat Thüringen
State of Germany

Flag

Coat of arms
Position of Thuringia in Germany
Coordinates: 50°52′N 11°03′E / 50.86°N 11.05°E / 50.86; 11.05Coordinates: 50°52′N 11°03′E / 50.86°N 11.05°E / 50.86; 11.05
Country Germany
Capital Erfurt
Government
 • Minister President Christine Lieberknecht (CDU)
 • Governing parties CDU / SPD
Area
 • Total 16,171 km2 (6,244 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 2,411,387
 • Density 149.118/km2 (386.214/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Thuringia (German: Thüringen) is a Bundesland of Germany. It lies in central Germany and has an area of 16,251 km2 (6,274.5 sq mi). This means Thuringia is the sixth smallest state in Germany by area. It has 2.45 million inhabitants, so it is the fifth smallest state in Germany by population. The capital is Erfurt.

History[change | edit source]

1920 the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar, the Duchies of Saxe-Meiningen, Saxe-Altenburg and Saxe-Gotha (part of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) and the Principalities of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, Greiz and Gera united to make the Free State of Thuringia.
1949 Thuringia and Erfurt became a new state of the DDR
1952 It became divided in three Districts Bezirke (Erfurt, Gera and Suhl)
1990 Thuringia became a Bundesland in the reunited Germany.

Geography[change | edit source]

Thuringia borders on the German states of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Saxony, Bavaria and Hesse. The most conspicuous geographical feature of Thuringia is the Thuringia Forest (Thüringer Wald). In the northwest Thuringia includes a small part of the Harz mountains. The Saale river runs through Jena. The biggest mountain in Thuringia is with 982m the Großer Beerberg in the Thuringia Forest.

List of Minister-Presidents of Thuringia[change | edit source]

1945: Hermann Brill
1945 - 1947: Rudolf Paul
1947 - 1952: Werner Eggerath
1990 - 1992: Josef Duchac
1992 - 2003: Bernhard Vogel (CDU)
2003 - 2009: Dieter Althaus (CDU)
since 2009: Christine Lieberknecht (CDU)

Cities in Thuringia[change | edit source]