Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus was an important Ancient Rome Tribune who presented an important reform called the "Lex Sempronia Agraria". This law was meant to reduce the number of poor and homeless people by only allowing the rich to have a certain amount of land, while giving the rest to homeless veterans of the Roman military. But the Roman Senate did not like his plan. They convinced another tribune, named Marcus Octavius, to oppose Tiberius Gracchus. Eventually, enough tension built up that some of the Senators beat Tiberius to death with their chairs and threw his dead body into the Tiber. Tiberius' death is seen as the first death caused by political problems in the Roman government.
Tiberius' brother, Gaius Gracchus, also tried to reform the Roman government and was also killed. Together, the two are called the Gracchi. Their attempts at reform had a lasting effect on Rome, because later on the Senate used some of the ideas from their reforms in their own laws.
Further Reading[change | edit source]
- Badian, E. (1984). Foreign Clientelae, 264-270 BC. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Bernstein, Alvin H. (1978). Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus : tradition and apostasy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. ISBN 0801410789.
- Boren, Henry C. (1969). The Gracchi. New York: Twayne.
- Earl, Donald C. (1963). Tiberius Gracchus : a study in politics. Bruxelles-Berchem: Latomus.
- Oman, Charles (1903). Seven Roman statesmen of the later republic : the Gracchi, Sulla, Crassus, Cato, Pompey, Caesar (3rd ed.). New York: Longmans, Green, and Co. http://openlibrary.org/books/OL24152141M/Seven_Roman_statesmen_of_the_later_republic.
- Plutarch (1926). Plutarch's Lives. Bernadotte Perrin, trans. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Richardson, Keith (1976). Daggers in the Forum. London: Cassell. ISBN 030429540X.
- Riddle, John M. (1970). Tiberius Gracchus: destroyer or reformer of the Republic?. Lexington, MA: Heath.
- Scullard, H.H. (2010). From the Gracchi to Nero : a history of Rome 133 BC to AD 68. London: Routledge. ISBN 9780415584883.
- Stockton, David, ed. (1985). From The Gracchi To Sulla : sources for Roman history, 133-80B.C.. Harrow: London Association of Classical Teachers. ISBN 0903625164.
- Stockton, David (1979). The Gracchi. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0198721048.