|Area (rank)||2,187.08 (621.81) km² (45th)|
|- % water||1.0%|
|Population (January 1, 2009)|
|- Population||12,790,000 (1st)|
|- Density||5,847 /km²|
|- Flower||Somei-Yoshino cherry blossom|
|- Tree||Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba)|
|- Bird||Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibundus)|
The Metropolitan Symbol, one of the two official emblems of Tokyo.
|Template ■ Discussion|
Tokyo (東京 Tōkyō , "Eastern Capital") is the capital city of Japan and is a prefecture of Japan on the island of Honshu. It is officially called Tokyo Metropolis (東京都 Tōkyō-to ), and it includes the former Tokyo Prefecture (東京府 Tōkyō-fu ) and the former city of Tokyo (東京市 Tōkyō-shi ).
Tokyo is the center of the Japanese government. The Imperial Palace is in Tokyo.
Ten percent (10%) of the Japanese people live in Tokyo, and as many as twenty percent (20%) of the population live around it. As of 2007, the population was 12,790,000. Tokyo is the center of business, trade, and industry of Japan and also of Asia. The city is the center of the largest metropolitan area in the world.
Tokyo is in a part of Japan called the Kanto Plain. It faces Tokyo Bay. Two big rivers run through Tokyo. One is the Arakawa River which runs from the north to the south, and flows into Tokyo Bay. The other is the Tama River which runs from the west to the east. The Tama River is a border between Tokyo and its neighbor city, Kawasaki.
Tokyo means "the Eastern capital" in Japanese. It became the capital city of Japan in the middle of 19th century, when its name changed from "Edo" to "Tokyo". Before then, Kyoto was the capital of Japan. The Emperor of Japan, Tenno, lived in Kyoto. Edo was the place where the Tokugawa Shoguns lived. The city grew up under the control of the shoguns. Before then it was a small town on the sea. Edo means "the mouth of a river" in Japanese.
History[change | edit source]
1457-1869[change | edit source]
The Edo clan built walls to protect the town in the late 12th century. In 1457, Ōta Dōkan built Edo Castle. In 1590, Tokugawa Ieyasu made Edo his base. He became shogun in 1603, and the town became the center of his military government. This marked the beginning of the Edo period. During this time, Edo grew into one of the largest cities in the world. More than one million people lived there by the 18th century.
Edo was not the capital of Japan. The emperor lived in the capital, Kyoto. However, Edo had more power. After about 263 years, the Meiji Restoration removed the shogun from power. In 1869, the 17-year-old Emperor Meiji moved to Edo. The old Edo Castle became the Imperial Palace.
1869-1943[change | edit source]
The Tokyo Prefecture and the city of Tokyo were established. This was the capital city until 1943.
1943-present[change | edit source]
In 1943, Tokyo City and the special "Metropolitan Prefecture" of Tokyo combined into one.
Central Tokyo is built around major railway stations. Suburban railways were built relatively cheaply at street level. There are some expressways, but the basic design has not changed.
Tokyo suffered two major catastrophes in the 20th century. The 1923 Great Kantō earthquake left 140,000 dead or missing World War II was the other disaster for the city. The Bombing of Tokyo in 1944 and 1945 killed between 75,000 to 200,000 people and destroyed half the city. This was almost as much damage as the atomic bombs of Hiroshima and Nagasaki combined.
Tokyo was completely rebuilt after the war. The 1964 Summer Olympics were a major world event. New high-rise developments such as Sunshine 60 started in the 1970s. Narita International Airport opened at Narita in 1978, but is far outside the city.
Population[change | edit source]
Young people (age 0-14)
1.461 million (11.8%)
As of October 2007, about 12.8 million people were living in Tokyo. About 8.7 million were living in Tokyo's 23 special wards. The number of people in Tokyo increases to over 15 million during the day. About 2.5 million workers and students enter the city everyday. The three central wards of Chiyoda, Chūō, and Minato increase the most. As of 2005, the regular population in those three areas was only 326,000 at night, but there are 2.4 million in those areas during the day.
Tokyo has many international residents. As of 2005, the most common groups in Tokyo are Chinese (123,661), Koreans (106,697), and Filipinos (31,077). Americans (18,848), British (7,696), Brazilian (5,300) and French (3,000) are less common.
Special wards[change | edit source]
The 23 special wards of Tokyo are the same area that had been called Tokyo City. On July 1, 1943, Tokyo City was merged with Tokyo Prefecture (東京府 Tōkyō-fu ) to become a special government area. This made the wards different from other wards in Japan. Other city wards are part of a larger city government, but these are not. Each ward is a municipality with its own mayor and assembly like the other cities of Japan. The special wards often use the word city in their official English name, e.g. Chiyoda City.
The wards have a unique administrative relationship with the prefectural government. The Tokyo Metropolitan Government manages some public works such as water, sewer, and fire-fighting. To pay for these things, the prefecture collects the municipal taxes usually collected by a city.
The special wards of Tokyo are:
Other cities[change | edit source]
Other towns/villages[change | edit source]
Izu & Ogasawara Islands[change | edit source]
Tokyo has many outlying islands.
The Ogasawara Islands include Chichi-jima, Nishinoshima, Haha-jima, Kita Iwo Jima, Iwo Jima, and Minami Iwo Jima. Minami Torishima, the easternmost point in Japan, is also part of the Ogasawaras. Okinotorishima, the southernmost point in Japan, is also administered by Tokyo as part of this group.
Landmarks[change | edit source]
Tokyo has many site-seeing spots, but very few of them are old. There are very few buildings in Tokyo that are more than 50 years. Popular places for visitors range from Tokyo Tower in the center of the city to Mount Takao out in the western countryside. Tokyo Sky Tree is a new tower and is the tallest in Japan. Traditional religious sites such as Meiji Shrine and Sensō-ji attract many tourists. The Imperial Castle can be seen in the middle of the city, but is not open to the public.
Transportation[change | edit source]
Tokyo is the cultural, business, and political center of the country. It is also the center of many transport systems. There are many air, rail, sea, and road links in and out of the city. Local subway and bus systems serve every part of the city.
Two commercial airports serve Tokyo. Haneda Airport is in the city limits next to Tokyo Bay. This airport is mostly for domestic travel. Most international flights to and from Tokyo go through Narita Airport in Chiba Prefecture.
Tokyo has a busy international and domestic port, but more traffic goes through the nearby port of Yokohama. There are domestic ferries to the islands of Tokyo, but also to other parts of the country such as Hokkaido.
Many highways meet in Tokyo, including: the Chūō, Kan-Etsu, Tōhoku, and Tōmei Expressways. All highway distances in Japan start from zero at a marker in Nihonbashi, Tokyo.
Sister cities[change | edit source]
- China Beijing, China
- Germany Berlin, Germany
- Egypt Cairo, Egypt
- United Kingdom Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
- Indonesia Jakarta, Indonesia
- United Kingdom London, England, United Kingdom
- India Mumbai, India
- Brazil São Paulo, Brazil
- Algeria Algiers, Algeria
- Italy Rome, Italy
- Italy Venice, Italy
Related pages[change | edit source]
- Provinces of Japan
- Prefectures of Japan
- List of regions of Japan
- List of islands of Japan
- F.C. Tokyo
- Tokyo Verdy
- 2020 Summer Olympics
References[change | edit source]
- (8,653,000 in special wards)
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tōkyō" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 981-982; "Kantō" atp. 479.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780 at Google Books.
- McClain, James et al., James (1994). Edo and Paris: Urban Life and the State in the Early Modern Era. p. 13.
- Sorensen, Andre (2004). The Making of Urban Japan: Cities and Planning from Edo to the Twenty First Century. p. 16.
- Tokyo-Yokohama earthquake of 1923. Britannica Online Encyclopedia.
- Tipton, Elise K. (2002). Modern Japan: A Social and Political History. Routledge. p. 141. ISBN 0585453225.
- "Population of Tokyo". Tokyo Metropolitan Government. http://www.metro.tokyo.jp/ENGLISH/PROFILE/overview03.htm. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
- "Tokyo Statistical Yearbook 2005, Population". Bureau of General Affairs, Tokyo Metropolitan Government. http://www.toukei.metro.tokyo.jp/tnenkan/2005/tn05qyte0510b.htm. Retrieved 2007-10-14.
- The Structure of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government (Tokyo government webpage)
- Population of Tokyo - Tokyo Metropolitan Government (Retrieved on July 4, 2009)
- McCormack, Gavan. "Dilemmas of Development on The Ogasawara Islands," JPRI Occasional Paper, No. 15 (August 1999). Japan Policy Research Institute (University of San Francisco); retrieved 2013-2-27.
- "Japan hopes to build lighthouse on atoll disputed with China," Xinhua (China). August 5, 2005; retrieved 2013-2-27.
Other websites[change | edit source]
- Tokyo Convention and Visitors Bureau
- Tokyo Metropolitan Government
- Tokyo Shitamachi Bus
- Tokyo Tourism Info