Trombone

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A trombone
Range of a trombone

The trombone is a brass horn musical instrument. It is similar to a trumpet, except the player pushes and pulls on slide to change the length of the tube.

Together with vibrations from the player's lips, the trombone can play a wide range of notes. It sounds deeper than a trumpet and is usually said to be one of the bass clef instruments. Music is normally written in the bass clef, but some high parts can be written in tenor clef. Some players have the music transposed into the treble clef.

A person who plays the trombone is called a trombonist. Some trombones have a valve which increases the range of available notes.[1] The name trombone comes from the Italian language and means large trumpet.[1] Trombones are nearly always made out of brass but can also be made out of plastic: the 'P-Trombone'.

History[change | change source]

The forerunner to today's trombone was called the sackbut.[1] It was first used in the 16th century during the Renaissance era of music. In the centuries that followed, the sackbut was gradually improved into today's trombone. Beethoven was the first composer to add trombones to the standard symphony orchestra.[1] Many different types of music use the unique sound of the trombone to add colour and depth. Trombones are used in orchestras, concert bands, marching bands, brass bands, big bands, swing bands, jazz bands and jazz ensembles.

In the hands of a skilled trombonist, the trombone is a very versatile instrument and can play many styles, from smooth, sweet jazz ballads and peaceful slow melodies, to rousing, raucous and sometimes very loud marches.

Types[change | change source]

A tenor trombone
A bass trombone with F Trigger
A valved contrabass trombone

There are a lot of types of trombones. Each one is for different playing ranges (how high or low you play). There are contrabass trombones, bass trombones, tenor bass trombones, tenor trombones, alto trombones, soprano trombones, and piccolo trombones. These trombone types are arranged in order from the lowest-sounding (contrabass) to the highest-sounding (piccolo) types.

  • The tenor trombone is the most popular trombone type in use today, and is usually what people mean when they say "trombone". It is usually the first instrument a new trombonist will play. It has a slide that is used to change notes and make music. People who play the tenor trombone usually play from bass clef but some very good players can play from treble clef. Better and more expensive tenor trombones have an F attachment.
  • The bass trombone is different from the tenor trombone because it has one or two triggers, and has a larger bell, which makes it sound better in lower octaves. Most bands have only one bass trombonist. Usually, if a song does not have a bass trombone part, the bass trombonist reads off the 3rd or 4th trombone part.
  • The contrabass trombone is the lowest-sounding trombone used in music today. It sometimes has a double slide, meaning that the slide tube wraps twice instead of once like on a tenor trombone.
  • The soprano trombone is also called the "slide trumpet".
  • The treble cleff trombone is a mid range trombone, growing in poplarity but still not widely used.
The trombone section of the Eau Claire Municipal Band is featured at a Fourth of July celebration in Owen Park

Famous trombonists[change | change source]

Some famous trombonists include:[2]

  • Edward ‘Kid’ Ory
  • Jim Robinson
  • Jack Teagarden
  • Al Gray
  • Glenn Miller
  • Tommy Dorsey
  • Pete Ramberg
  • Lawrence Brown
  • Curtis Fuller
  • Slide Hampton
  • Fred Wesley
  • Trombone Shorty

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Trombone". The Columbia Encyclopedia. 2008. http://www.credoreference.com/topic/trombone. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  2. "Trombone". Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World: Performance and Production. 2003. http://www.credoreference.com/entry/contpmwpp/trombone. Retrieved 5 June 2011.

Other websites[change | change source]