The Turing Award is kind of like a Nobel Prize, but it is given only to people in computer science. It is named after a famous man named Alan Turing, who made computer science better by inventing the Turing machine and the Turing test.
The first Turing Award was given in 1966 to Alan Perlis, a teacher at Carnegie Mellon University. It has been given every year since. In 2006, it was given to a woman for the first time. Her name was Frances Allen.