The Turkish diaspora is a term used to describe the communities of Turkish people living outside of Turkey. There is an estimated 70 million Turkish people in total. There are 59 million Turkish people living in Turkey  and large Turkish communities which have been established in Europe (particularly in Germany, France, and the Netherlands), as well as North America, and Australia.
- Central Intelligence Agency. "The World Factbook; Turkey". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/tu.html. Retrieved 2008-07-09.
- Helen Chapin Metz, ed. Turkey: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1995. Turks