Turkmen language

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Turkmen
Türkmençe, Türkmen dili, Түркменче, Түркмен дили, تورکمن ﺗﻴلی, تورکمنچه
Native to Turkmenistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Stavropol krai (Russia)
Native speakers ca. 4 million  (1998)[1]
Language family
Turkic
Official status
Official language in  Turkmenistan
Language codes
ISO 639-1 tk
ISO 639-2 tuk
ISO 639-3 tuk
Linguasphere part of 44-AAB-a

Turkmen (türkmençe, türkmen dili, Cyrillic: түркменче, түркмен дили, Persian: تورکمن ﺗﻴﻠی, تورکمنچه) is the national language of Turkmenistan. It is spoken by about 7,000,000 people in Turkmenistan, and by an additional approximately 380,000 in northwestern Afghanistan and 500,000 in northeastern Iran.

Literature[change | change source]

The leading Turkmen poet is Magtymguly Pyragy, who wrote in the 1700's.

References[change | change source]

  1. Hendrik Boeschoten. 1998. "The Speakers of Turkic Languages," The Turkic Languages (Routledge), pp. 1–15