United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland

 

1801-1922¹
 

Flag Coat of arms
Motto
Dieu et mon droit  (French
"God and my right"
Anthem
God Save the King (Queen)
Territory of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1922
Capital London
Language(s) English³
Government Constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 - 1801–1820 George III
 - 1820–1830 George IV
 - 1830–1837 William IV
 - 1837–1901 Victoria
 - 1901–1910 Edward VII
 - 1910–1927 (cont.) George V
Prime Minister
 - 1801–1801 William Pitt the Younger
 - 1924–1927 (cont.) Stanley Baldwin
Legislature Parliament
 - Upper house House of Lords
 - Lower house House of Commons
History
 - Act of Union 1800 1 January 1801
 - Irish independence 6 December, 1922
 - UK name changed 12 April, 1927 1922
Area
 - 1801 315,093 km2 (121,658 sq mi)
Population
 - 1801 est. 16,345,646 
     Density 51.9 /km2  (134.4 /sq mi)
 - 1921 est. 42,769,196 
     Density 135.7 /km2  (351.6 /sq mi)
Currency Pound sterling
1 The Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, but this fact was not reflected in the long-form name of United Kingdom until Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act in 1927. The current British state, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is universally accepted to be a direct continuation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and should not be imagined to be a break from it or a new state formed after it.
² The Royal motto used in Scotland was Nemo Me Impune Lacessit (Latin for "No-one provokes me with impunity").
³ In addition to English (official status established by precedent), Irish, Scottish Gaelic, and Welsh were spoken regionally.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was the formal name of the United Kingdom from 1 January 1801 until 12 April 1927. It was formed by the merger of the Kingdom of Great Britain (itself having been a merger of the Kingdoms of England and Scotland) and the Kingdom of Ireland. Its name was changed in 1927 after the majority of Ireland left the UK in 1922 and became the sovereign Irish Free State, thus leaving only six counties in the north within the UK and negating the reason for the 1801 Act of Union.

List of monarchs[change | change source]

Though the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland came to an end in 1922, the monarch continued to use the title of King or Queen of United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1927.

Other pages[change | change source]

Other websites[change | change source]

Preceded by:
Kingdom of Great Britain
1707–1801
Kingdom of Ireland
1541–1801
United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland

1801–1922
Succeeded by:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
1922–present
Irish Free State
1922–1937