United States Secretary of the Navy

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The United States Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) is the civilian head of the Department of the Navy. The position was a member of the President's Cabinet until 1947, when the Navy, Army, and newly created Air Force were placed in the Department of Defense and the Secretary of the Navy was placed under the Secretary of Defense.

Secretaries of the Navy[change | edit source]

Continental Congress[change | edit source]

Picture Name Term of Office
Joseph Hewes.jpg Joseph Hewes 1776 - 1778

Cabinet[change | edit source]

No. Picture Name State Term of Office Served under
1 Benjamin Stoddert SecNavy.jpg Benjamin Stoddert Maryland June 18, 1798 - March 31, 1801 John Adams
2 Robert Smith SecNavy.jpg Robert Smith Maryland July 27, 1801 - March 4, 1809 Thomas Jefferson
3 Paul Hamilton SecNavy.jpeg Paul Hamilton South Carolina May 15, 1809 - December 31, 1812 James Madison
4 William-Jones.jpg William Jones Pennsylvania January 19, 1813 - December 1, 1814 James Madison
5 BWCrowninshield.jpg Benjamin Williams Crowninshield Massachusetts January 16, 1815 - September 30, 1818 James Madison, James Monroe
6 SmithThompson.jpg Smith Thompson New York January 1, 1819 - August 31, 1823 James Monroe
7 Samuel L. Southard SecNavy.jpg Samuel Lewis Southard New Jersey September 16, 1823 - March 4, 1829 James Monroe, John Quincy Adams
8 JohnBranch2.jpg John Branch North Carolina March 9, 1829 - May 12, 1831 Andrew Jackson
9 Levi Woodbury.jpg Levi Woodbury New Hampshire May 23, 1831 - June 30, 1834 Andrew Jackson
10 Mahlon Dickerson.jpg Mahlon Dickerson New Jersey July 1, 1834 - June 30, 1838 Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren
11 JKPaulding.jpg James Kirke Paulding New York July 1, 1838 - March 4, 1841 Martin Van Buren
12 George Edmund Badger North Carolina March 6, 1841 - September 11, 1841 William Henry Harrison, John Tyler
13 Abel P. Upshur SecNavy.jpg Abel Parker Upshur Virginia October 11, 1841 - July 23, 1843 John Tyler
14 David Henshaw SecNavy.jpg David Henshaw Massachusetts July 24, 1843 - February 18, 1844 John Tyler
15 Thomas Gilmer newer.jpeg Thomas Walker Gilmer Virginia February 19, 1844 - February 28, 1844 John Tyler
16 JYMason.jpg John Young Mason Virginia March 26, 1844 - March 4, 1845 John Tyler
17 George Bancroft United States Secretary of Navy c. 1860.jpg George Bancroft Massachusetts March 11, 1845 - September 9, 1846 James Knox Polk
18 JYMason.jpg John Young Mason Virginia September 10, 1846 - March 4, 1849 James Knox Polk
19 WmBdPreston.jpg William Ballard Preston Virginia March 8, 1849 - July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor
20 William Alexander Graham - Brady-Handy.jpg William Alexander Graham North Carolina August 2, 1850 - July 25, 1852 Millard Fillmore
21 JohnKennedy.jpg John Pendleton Kennedy Maryland July 26, 1852 - March 4, 1853 Millard Fillmore
22 JCDobbin.jpg James Cochran Dobbin North Carolina March 8, 1853 - March 4, 1857 Franklin Pierce
23 Isaac Toucey - Brady-Handy.jpg Isaac Toucey Connecticut March 7, 1857 - March 4, 1861 James Buchanan
24 Gideon Welles Connecticut March 7, 1861 - March 4, 1869 Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson
25 Adolph Borie, Brady-Handy bw photo portrait, ca1860-1875.jpg Adolph Edward Borie Pennsylvania March 9, 1869 - June 25, 1869 Ulysses S. Grant
26 George Robeson 1865 1880.jpg George Maxwell Robeson New Jersey June 26, 1869 - March 4, 1877 Ulysses S. Grant
27 RWThompson.jpg Richard Wigginton Thompson Indiana March 13, 1877 - December 20, 1880 Rutherford B. Hayes
28 Nathan Goff, Jr. - Brady-Handy.jpg Nathan Goff, Jr. West Virginia January 7, 1881 - March 4, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes
29 William-Henry-Hunt.jpg William Henry Hunt Louisiana March 7, 1881 - April 16, 1882 James Garfield, Chester A. Arthur
30 William Eaton Chandler New Hampshire April 16, 1882 - March 4, 1885 Chester A. Arthur
31 William Collins Whitney by Charles Milton Bell c1892.jpg William Collins Whitney New York March 7, 1885 - March 4, 1889 Grover Cleveland
32 BFTracy.jpg Benjamin Franklin Tracy New York March 6, 1889 - March 4, 1893 Benjamin Harrison
33 Hilary A. Herbert.jpg Hilary Abner Herbert Alabama March 7, 1893 - March 4, 1897 Grover Cleveland
34 JDLong.jpg John Davis Long Massachusetts March 6, 1897 - April 30, 1902 William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
35 WHMoody.jpg William Henry Moody Massachusetts May 1, 1902 - June 30, 1904 Theodore Roosevelt
36 Paul Morton.jpg Paul Morton July 1, 1904 - June 30, 1905 Theodore Roosevelt
37 CJBonaparte.jpg Charles Joseph Bonaparte Maryland July 1, 1905 - December 16, 1906 Theodore Roosevelt
38 VHMetcalf.jpeg Victor Howard Metcalf California December 17, 1906 - November 30, 1908 Theodore Roosevelt
39 Truman Handy Newberry.jpg Truman Handy Newberry Michigan December 1, 1908 - March 4, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt
40 GvLMeyer.jpg George von Lengerke Meyer Massachusetts March 6, 1909 - March 4, 1913 William Howard Taft
41 Josephus Daniels 1.jpg Josephus Daniels North Carolina March 5, 1913 - March 4, 1921 Woodrow Wilson
42 ECDenby.jpg Edwin Denby Michigan March 6, 1921 - March 10, 1924 Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge
43 Curtis Dwight Wilbur.jpg Curtis Dwight Wilbur California March 19, 1924 - March 4, 1929 Calvin Coolidge
44 CharlesAdamsIII.jpg Charles Francis Adams III Massachusetts March 5, 1929 - March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
45 S001094.jpg Claude Augustus Swanson Virginia March 4, 1933 - July 7, 1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt
46 Charles Edison.jpg Charles Edison New Jersey January 2, 1940 - June 24, 1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt
47 Fknox.jpg William Franklin Knox Illinois July 11, 1940 - April 28, 1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt
48 James Forrestal.jpg James Vincent Forrestal New York May 19, 1944 - September 17, 1947 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S Truman

Secretaries of the Navy (Department of Defense)[change | edit source]

No. Picture Name Term of Office Served under
1 JohnLSullivan.jpg John L. Sullivan September 18, 1947 - May 24, 1949 Harry S. Truman
2 Francis P. Matthews.jpg Francis P. Matthews May 25, 1949 - July 31, 1951 Harry S. Truman
3 DanAKimball.jpg Dan A. Kimball July 31, 1951 - January 20, 1953 Harry S. Truman
4 Robert B Anderson.jpeg Robert B. Anderson February 4, 1953 - March 3, 1954 Dwight D. Eisenhower
5 Charles S. Thomas May 3, 1954 - April 1, 1957 Dwight D. Eisenhower
6 Thomas Gates official DoD photo.jpg Thomas S. Gates April 1, 1957 - June 8, 1959 Dwight D. Eisenhower
7 WilliamBFranke.jpg William B. Franke June 8, 1959 - January 19, 1961 Dwight D. Eisenhower
8 John Connally.jpg John B. Connally, Jr January 25, 1961 - December 20, 1961 John F. Kennedy
9 FredKorth.jpg Fred Korth January 4, 1962 - November 1, 1963 John F. Kennedy
PaulBFay.jpg Paul B. Fay (acting) November 2, 1963 - November 28, 1963 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
10 Paul Nitze.jpeg Paul H. Nitze November 29, 1963 - June 30, 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson
Charles F. Baird (acting) July 1, 1967 - August 31, 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson
11 PaulRIgnatius.jpg Paul R. Ignatius September 1, 1967 - January 24, 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
12 John Chafee.jpg John H. Chafee January 31, 1969 - May 4, 1972 Richard M. Nixon
13 Warner(R-VA).jpg John W. Warner May 4, 1972 - April 8, 1974 Richard M. Nixon
14 JohnWilliamMiddendorf.jpg J. William Middendorf, II April 8, 1974 - January 20, 1977 Richard M. Nixon, Gerald Ford
15 WGClaytor.gif W. Graham Claytor, Jr. February 14, 1977 - August 24, 1979 Jimmy Carter
16 Edward Hidalgo, head and shoulders, facing front.jpg Edward Hidalgo October 24, 1979 - January 20, 1981 Jimmy Carter
17 John Lehman, official photo as Secretary of the Navy, 1982.JPEG John Lehman February 5, 1981 - April 10, 1987 Ronald Reagan
18 James Webb, Assistant Secretary of Defense, official photo.JPEG Jim Webb May 1, 1987 - February 23, 1988 Ronald Reagan
19 William L. Ball, at a ceremony, 7 October 1988.jpg William L. Ball March 28, 1988 - May 15, 1989 Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush
20 Henry Lawrence Garrett III, official Navy photo, 1987.jpg Henry L. Garrett III May 15, 1989 - June 26, 1992 George H.W. Bush
Daniel Howard (acting) June 26, 1992 - July 7, 1992 George H.W. Bush
21 Sean O'Keefe, official Navy photo, 1992.jpg Sean O'Keefe October 2, 1992 - January 20, 1993 George H.W. Bush
Admiral Frank Kelso, official military photo.JPEG Admiral Frank B. Kelso II (acting) January 2, 1993 - July 21, 1993 Bill Clinton
22 DaltonJohn.jpg John H. Dalton July 22, 1993 - November 16, 1998 Bill Clinton
23 Richard Danzig, official Navy photo.jpg Richard Danzig November 16, 1998 - January 20, 2001 Bill Clinton
Robert Pirie, official photo portrait, circa 2001.jpg Robert B. Pirie, Jr. January 20, 2001 - May 24, 2001 George W. Bush
24 Gordon England portrait.jpg Gordon R. England May 24, 2001 - January 30, 2003 George W. Bush
US Navy 030202-N-0000X-001 Under Secretary of the Navy.jpg Susan Livingstone (acting) January 30, 2003 - February 7, 2003 George W. Bush
US Navy 030402-N-0000X-001 Secretary of the Navy Hansford T. Johnson (Acting).jpg Hansford T. Johnson (acting) February 7, 2003 - September 30, 2003 George W. Bush
25 Gordon England portrait.jpg Gordon R. England October 1, 2003 - January 3, 2006 George W. Bush
26 Donald Winter, official photo as Secretary of the Navy, 2006.jpg Donald C. Winter January 3, 2006 - March 13, 2009[1] George W. Bush
PennBJ.jpg B. J. Penn (acting) March 13, 2009[1] - May 19, 2009[2] Barack Obama
27 MabusRay.jpg Ray Mabus May 19, 2009[1] - Present Barack Obama

References[change | edit source]

""Department of the Navy, Office of the General Counsel (DON-OGC) - OGC History"". http://ogc.navy.mil/ogchistory.asp. Retrieved September 23, 2007.

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 United States Department of Defense (2009-03-13). "Navy Secretary Departs Office". Press release. http://www.defenselink.mil/releases/release.aspx?releaseid=12554. Retrieved 2009-05-18. "The 74th Secretary of the Navy, Donald C. Winter, resigned his office today as planned. Winter had agreed to remain in office until March 13, 2009, to ease the transition of the Department of Defense. [...] BJ Penn will be the acting Secretary of the Navy until the Senate confirms a nominee chosen by President Barack Obama."
  2. Staff reporter (2005-05-19). "Mabus Sworn in as New Navy Secretary". NNS. http://www.defenselink.mil/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=18435. Retrieved 2009-05-20. "Ray Mabus, former Mississippi governor and U.S. ambassador to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, was sworn in May 19 as the 75th secretary of the Navy." (Archived by WebCite at WebCite)