University of Bologna
||The English used in this article may not be easy for everybody to understand. (December 2013)|
|University of Bologna|
|Università di Bologna|
|Latin: Universitas Bononiensis|
|Motto||Alma mater studiorum (Latin)|
|Motto in English||Nourishing mother of the studies|
|Affiliations||Coimbra Group, Utrecht Network|
The university received a charter from Frederick I Barbarossa in 1158. In the 19th century, a committee of historians traced the founding of the University back to 1088, which would make it the oldest continuous university in the world. That is slightly earlier than the University of Oxford, where there is evidence of teaching in 1096. 
Bologna was also the first to use the term universitas for the corporation of students and masters which make up a university.
History[change | change source]
The poets Dante and Petrarca studied at this university. Called officially Alma mater studiorum, the university is an institution for students of both sexes, supported by the state. It offers courses in arts, law, medicine, pharmacy, mathematics, engineering, agronomy, veterinary medicine and pedagogy. The Italian semiologist and writer Umberto Eco is the holder of the chair of semiotics at the university. The former prime minister of Italy, Romano Prodi, is a professor in the Department of Economics.
References[change | change source]
- La nostra storia (our history): University of Bologna. 
- Top Universities World University Rankings Retrieved 2010-1-6
- Our History - Università di Bologna
- Paul L. Gaston (2010). The Challenge of Bologna. pp. 18. ISBN 1-57922-366-4.
- "A Brief History of the University". University of Oxford. http://www.ox.ac.uk/about_the_university/introducing_oxford/a_brief_history_of_the_university/index.html. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
Other websites[change | change source]
- (Italian) Official website