User:Simplegoose/Princess of Lamballe

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Maria Luisa
Princess of Lamballe
Marie Louise by Antoine François Callet
Spouse Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, Prince of Lamballe
Full name
Maria Luisa Teresa di Savoia
House House of Savoy (by birth)
House of Bourbon (by marriage)
Father Louis Victor, Prince of Carignan
Mother Christine of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg
Born 8 September 1749(1749-09-08)
Palazzo Carignano, Turin, Italy
Died 3 September 1792(1792-09-03) (aged 42)
Murdered in Paris, France
Religion Roman Catholicism

The Princess of Lamballe (Maria Luisa Teresa; 8 September 1749 – 3 September 1792) was born a Princess of Savoy and was later married to Louis Alexandre de Bourbon a member of the House of Bourbon. In France she was known as the princesse de Lamballe and was famous for being a close friend of Queen Marie Antoinette. She like the queen was murdered in the French Revolution. Her close friendship with the Queen Marie Antoinette caused gossip outside the court that the two were having a lesbian affair but no evidence of this hold true. This further caused national hatred of the Italian born princess who along with the Duchess of Polignac were part of the queens inner circle.

Infancy[change | change source]

The future princess was born in Turin in 1749 the daughter of a Prince of Carignan at the Palazzo Carignano. She was the sixth of eight children. Her father was a distant cousin of King Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia and her mother was a sister of the late Queen Polyxena.

Marriage[change | change source]

On 31 January 1767, she married by proxy Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, Prince of Lamballe, grandson of Louis XIV's legitimised son, Louis Alexandre de Bourbon, Count of Toulouse, and the only surviving son of Louis Jean Marie de Bourbon, Duke of Penthièvre, who had arranged the marriage. During plans for her marriage she was known as Mademoiselle de Carignan in France.

In 1768, at the age of nineteen, Marie Louise became a widow when her husband died of a venereal disease at the Château de Louveciennes. Her husband was known to have been fairly promiscuous and died as a result of his many affairs. His widow inherited her husband's considerable fortune, making her wealthy in her own right including a title of duchess in her own right. Her husband was eventually buried at the Chapel of Dreux outside Paris.

Revolution[change | change source]

Marie Thérèse was by nature reserved and there was never any gossip about her private life. However, in popular anti-monarchist propaganda of the time, she was regularly portrayed in pornographic pamphlets, showing her as the queen's lesbian lover to undermine the public image of the monarchy.

In October 789 the princess lived at the Tuileries Palace in Paris with the king and queen

Titles and styles[change | change source]

  • 8 September 1749 - 31 January 1767 Her Highness Princess Maria Luisa Teresa of Savoy.
  • 31 January 1767 - 6 May 1768 Her Serene Highness The Princess of Lamballe. (Son Altesse Sérénissime Madame la princesse de Lamballe)
  • 6 May 1768 - 3 September 1792 Her Serene Highness The Dowager Princess of Lamballe. (Son Altesse Sérénissime Madame la princesse de Lamballe Douairière.)

Name[change | change source]

She used the name Maria Luisa or Marie Louise in French. As a daughter of the Prince of Carignan, she is often incorrectly given the surname of Savoy-Carignan, which is incorrect as she was born a princess of the Duchy of Savoy and a daughter of a Prince of Carignan. The title was merely a courtesy title having no legal jurisdiction over Carignan which was known as Carignano in Italian any case. So the use of Savoy-Carignan is incorrect.

Further reading[change | change source]

La princesse de Lamballe

Other websites[change | change source]

Media related to Princess Maria Luisa Teresa of Savoy, Princess of Lamballe at Wikimedia Commons

Category:Princes and Princesses of Savoy Category:1749 births Category:1792 deaths Category:People from Turin Category:House of Savoy Category:House of Bourbon Category:People executed by decapitation