Uthman ibn Affan

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Uthman
Uthman.png
Islamic Empire During The Reign
Mohammad adil-Rashidun-empire-at-its-peak-close.PNG
The Generous
(Al Ghani)
Full Name ʻUthmān ibn ʻAffān
(عثمان بن عفان)
Reign 11 November 644 – 17 July 656
Born c. 579
Birthplace Taif, Arabia
Died 17 July 656 (aged 76-77)
Deathplace Medina, Arabia
Place of Burial Jannat al-Baqi, Madinah
Predecessor Umar
Successor Ali
Father Affan ibn Abu al-As
Mother Urwa bint Kariz
Sister(s) Amna
Spouse(s)

Ruqayyah
Umm Kulthum
Naila
Ramla bint Shuibat
Fatima bint Al-Walid
Fakhtah bint Ghazwan
Umm Al-Banin bint Unaib

Umm Amr bint Jundub
Son(s) • Amro (عمرو)
• Umar (عمر)
• Khalid (خالد)
Aban (أبان)
• Abdullah Al-Asghar
(عبد الله الأصغر)
• Al-Walid (الوليد)
• Saeed (سعيد)
• Abdulmalik (عبدالملك)
Daughter(s) • Maryam (مريم)
• Umm Uthman (أم عثمان)
• Ayesha (عائشة)
• Umm Amr (أم عمرو)
• Umm Aban Al-Kabri
(أم أبان الکبرى)
• Aurvi (أروى)
• Umm Khalid (أم خالد)
• Umm Aban Al-Sagri
(أم أبان الصغرى)
Other Titles Al Ghani الغنى ("The Generous")
Zun Noorain ("Possessor of Two Lights")

Uthman ibn Affan (Arabic: عثمان بن عفان) was the fourth ruler of the Muslim Empire and one of the four righteous caliphs of Sunni Islam. Uthman belonged to a noble family of Ummayyah, branch of the Quraish in Makkah. Uthman was one of the very few who was literate. When he became older, he started a business in cloth, which made him very rich.[1]

Biography[change | edit source]

He was born in about the year 576 and was ruler for 12 years. During his time as ruler he conquered Khurasan and the regions of the west of the Arabian Peninsula.[1] He also united the Muslim upon one uniform version of the Quran.[1] He was well known for marrying two of Muhammad's daughters, Ruqayyah and Umm Kulthum, both at different times. For this, he became known as Dhu al-Nurayn, the "Possessor of Two Lights".[1] He participated in both immigrations, first to Ethiopia and then to Medina.[1]

Death[change | edit source]

He was attacked while in his house, although he did not defend himself out of fear of further trouble. He was killed while reading the Qur'an by Sudaan ibn Hamran on Friday, June 17, 656. He was more than 80 years old.[1]

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Tadhkirah al-Huffath, al-Dhahabi, Muhammad ibn Ahmad. 1: 8-10. Hyderabad, Da'irah al-Ma`arif al-Uthmaniyyah.