Uzbekistan

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Republic of Uzbekistan
O‘zbekiston Respublikasi
Ўзбекистон Республикаси
Anthem: 
O‘zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi
Capital
and largest city
Tashkent
41°16′N 69°13′E / 41.267°N 69.217°E / 41.267; 69.217
Official languages Uzbek
Recognised regional languages Karakalpak
Ethnic groups (1996)
Demonym Uzbek
Government Unitary presidential state
 -  President Islam Karimov
 -  Prime Minister Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Legislature Supreme Assembly
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house Legislative Chamber
Independence from the Soviet Union
 -  Formation 1747b 
 -  Uzbek SSR October 27, 1924 
 -  Declared September 1, 1991 
 -  Recognized December 8, 1991 
 -  Completed December 25, 1991 
Area
 -  Total 447,400 km2 (56th)
172,742 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 4.9
Population
 -  2012 estimate 29,559,100[2] (45th)
 -  Density 61.4/km2 (136th)
159.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $103.212 billion.[3]
 -  Per capita $3,536.[3]
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
 -  Total $51.979 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $1,780[3]
Gini (2000)  26.8
low · 95th
HDI (2010) Increase 0.617[4]
medium · 102nd
Currency Uzbekistan som (O'zbekiston so'mi) (UZS)
Time zone UZT (UTC+5)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+5)
Drives on the right
Calling code +998
Internet TLD .uz
a. Official Uzbek statistics.[source?]
b. As the Emirate of Bukhara, Kokand Khanate and Khwarezm.

Uzbekistan is a country in Central Asia. Its capital and largest city is Tashkent.

There are about 26,593,000 people living in Uzbekistan. The neighboring countries are Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan. It is a doubly landlocked country, of which there are only two in the world.

Most people in Uzbekistan speak a language called Uzbek, a Turkic language similar to Uyghur and Turkish. In the Uzbek language, Uzbekistan is called "O‘zbekiston" and it means "the land of the true nobles".

Uzbekistan has a long history. Humans first lived in Uzbekistan from before the 2nd millenium BC.[5]

The president today is Islam Karimov.

Human rights in Uzbekistan are 'atrocious' according to Human Rights Watch

Provinces[change | change source]

Uzbekistan is divided into twelve provinces, one autonomous republic, and one independent city. The provinces are divided into districts.

Political Map of Uzbekistan
Division Capital City Area
(km²)
Population (2008)[6] Key
Buxoro Viloyati Buxoro (Bukhara) 39,400 1,576,800 3
Jizzax Viloyati Jizzax 20,500 1,090,900 5
Navoiy Viloyati Navoiy 110,800 834,100 7
Qashqadaryo Viloyati Qarshi 28,400 2,537,600 8
Samarqand Viloyati Samarqand 16,400  3,032,000 9
Sirdaryo Viloyati Guliston 5,100 698,100 10
Surxondaryo Viloyati Termiz 20,800 2,012,600 11
Toshkent Viloyati Toshkent (Tashkent) 15,300  2,537,500 12
Toshkent Shahri Toshkent (Tashkent)  ??? 2,192,700 1
Fergana Valley Region
Farg'ona Viloyati Farg'ona (Fergana)  6,800 2,997,400 4
Andijon Viloyati Andijon 4,200 2,477,900 2
Namangan Viloyati Namangan 7,900 2,196,200 6
Karakalpakstan Region
Xorazm Viloyati Urganch 6,300  1,517,600 13
Qaraqalpaqstan Respublikasi Nukus 160,000 1,612,300 14

References[change | change source]