Vesoul

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Vesoul

Coat of arms of Vesoul
Vesoul is located in France
Vesoul
Administration
Country France
Region Free County
Department Haute-Saône
Arrondissement Vesoul
Canton Vesoul-Est and Vesoul-Ouest
Intercommunality Vesoul
Mayor Alain Joyandet
(2001–2008)
Statistics
Elevation 213–375 m (699–1,230 ft)
(avg. 220 m/720 ft)
Land area1 9.07 km2 (3.50 sq mi)
Population2 19,404  (2010)
 - Density 2,139 /km2 (5,540 /sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 70550/ 70000
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Coordinates: 47°37′23″N 6°09′21″E / 47.623055°N 06.155833°E / 47.623055; 06.155833

Vesoul is a city in the Haute-Saône département in France. It is also the capital of that département. About 19.000 people lived in Vesoul in 2010.

Geography[change | change source]

The Haute-Saône is a rural department. It is unusual because the urban population is based around five towns: Vesoul, Gray, Héricourt, Lure and Luxeuil-les-Bains. Vesoul, the prefecture is not very important in terms of population. The Durgeon and Colombine rivers flow through the commune.

History[change | change source]

Vesoul is first mentioned in a document dated 899. That document speaks about an elevation with a fortified watchtower. The document speaks about "Castrum Vesulium". Castrum is a fortification, and "Vesulium" has the syllable ves which meant hill or mountain in a language that was spoken before the Celts. Today, there is a castle that forms the centre of the city. The first houses were built inside the walls of the castle. Newcomers who found no place settled outside the city walls, on the flanks of the hill. Growing wine was popular. In 1814, after the fall of the empire, a buffer state was created, with Vesoul as capital. The principality was that of Free County, of the Vosges and of Porrentruy.

Today, one of the main factories of PSA Peugeot Citroën is near Vesoul.

Culture[change | change source]

Monuments and tourist attractions[change | change source]

Library[change | change source]

The first public library of Vesoul opened in 1771. The abbé (abbot) Bardenet, superior of the Saint-Esprit hospital in Besançon, gave his book collection to the town. There were 1772 books. The collections became a lot larger with the Revolution. At that time, the revolutionaries (people who led the French Revolution) took the books from the monasteries of the town (capucins) and even of the region (Luxeuil and Faverney monasteries). Around 20,000 books were added to the library this way, including some 11th century manuscripts. The Mayor's office was responsible for keeping the books.

In 1981, the municipality decided to build a new building to encourage the public to read. The library was recently equipped with computers. There are around 200 manuscripts and 150 incunables.

Twin towns[change | change source]

Vesoul is only twinned with one town:

Demography[change | change source]

Change in population
(Source : INSEE[1], Ehess[2])
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851 1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896 1901 1906 1911
5303 5417 5708 5391 5408 5887 6788 5941 6621 7281 7579 7614 7716 9206 9553 9733 9770 10083 9704 10163 10539
Change in population
1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007
10471 10859 11562 11926 11825 12038 13678 16352 18173 18412 17614 17168 16370 16329

References[change | change source]