Victoria Cross for Australia
The Victoria Cross for Australia (VC) is the highest military decoration given for bravery "in the face of the enemy" to members of the Australia Armed Forces. The medal was called the Victoria Cross, but the name was changed in 1991. The Victoria Cross was started in 1856 for bravery in the Crimean War. The first medals were made from captured Russian cannons. The Victoria Cross for Australia looks exactly the same as the Victoria Cross.
The first winner of the Victoria Cross for Australia is SAS Trooper Mark Donaldson. Donaldson won the medal for bravery in Afghanistan in September 2008. The medal was given to him in a ceremony on January 16, 2009. He was the first winner of a VC for 40 years.
Australian winners of the Victoria Cross (incomplete)[change | change source]
- 1900 - Sir Neville Howse, Second Boer War
- 1900 - John Bisdee, Second Boer War
- 1900 - Guy Wylly, Second Boer War
- 1901 - Frederick William Bell, Second Boer War
- 1901 - James Rogers, Second Boer War
- 1901 - Leslie Cecil Maygar, Second Boer War
- 1915 - Albert Jacka, Gallipoli
- 1919 - Arthur Percy Sullivan, North Russia Campaign
- 1919 - Samuel Pearse, North Russia Campaign
- 1941 - Corporal John Edmondson, Tobruk
- 1941 - Arthur Roden Cutler, Lebanon
- 1941 - Hughie Idwal Edwards, Bremen
- 1941 - James Heather Gordon, Djezzine, Lebanon
- 1942 - Charles Groves Wright Anderson, Malaya
- 1942 - Arthur Stanley Gurney, Egypt
- 1942 - Bruce Steel Kingsbury, Kokoda Trail, Papua New Guinea
- 1942 - John Alexander French, Milne Bay, New Guinea
- 1942 - William Henry Kibby, El Alamein, Egypt
- 1942 - Percival Eric Gatwick, El Alamein, Egypt
- 1942 - Rawdon Hume Middleton, Turin, Italy
- 1943 - William Ellis Newton, New Guinea
- 1943 - Richard Kelliher, New Guinea
- 1943 - Thomas Currie Derrick, New Guinea
- 1945 - Reginald Ray Rattey, Bougainville, Solomon Islands
- 1945 - Albert Edward Chowne, New Guinea
- 1945 - John Bernard Mackey, Tarakan Island, Borneo
- 1945 - Edward Kenna, New Guinea
- 1945 - Leslie Thomas Starcevich, Borneo
- 1945 - Frank John Partridge, Bougainville, Solomon Islands
- 1965 - Kevin Arthur Wheatley, Vietnam
- 1967 - Peter John Badcoe, Vietnam
- 1969 - Rayene Stewart Simpson, Vietnam
- 1969 - Keith Payne, Vietnam
Winners of the Victoria Cross for Australia[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Woodley, Naomi (January 16, 2009). "SAS Trooper awarded first Australia Victoria Cross in 40 years". PM Radio National. ABC. http://www.abc.net.au/pm/content/2008/s2467994.htm. Retrieved January 19, 2009.
- "War Memorial has biggest collection of VC's in the world". The Independent Weekly, January 16, 2009. http://www.independentweekly.com.au/news/local/news/general/war-memorial-has-biggest-collection-of-vcs-in-the-world/1409252.aspx. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
- Brasch, Nicolas (2003). Extreme Bravery: Australia's Victoria Cross recipients, Book 2. Melbourne, Australia: Echidna Books. ISBN I740708008.
- Lawrence, Kara (January 19, 2009). "Victoria Cross recipient SAS Trooper Mark Donaldson at heart of murder mystery". The Australian Online. News Limited. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,24930536-5006784,00.html. Retrieved January 19, 2009.
- "Chronology of Australian Involvement in Vietnam". vvaa.org.au. http://www.vvaa.org.au/calendar.htm. Retrieved 2 October 2010.