Vitebsk

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Vitebsk

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Coordinates: 55°11′N 30°10′E / 55.183°N 30.167°E / 55.183; 30.167Coordinates: 55°11′N 30°10′E / 55.183°N 30.167°E / 55.183; 30.167
Country
Subdivision
Belarus
Vitebsk
Founded 947
Population (2004)
 • Total 342,381
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) +375-21
License plate 2

Vitebsk, also known as Viciebsk or Vitsyebsk is a city in Belarus, near the border with Russia. It is the capital of the Vitebsk Oblast. In 2004 it had 342,381 people. This makes it the country's fourth largest city. It is served by Vitebsk Vostochny Airport and Vitebsk air base.

The main universities of Vitebsk are Vitebsk State Technological University, Vitebsk State Medical University and Vitebsk State University named in honor of Pyotr Masherov.

In 1919, Vitebsk was made a part of the Socialist Soviet Republic of Byelorussia. Then it was transferred to the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and later to the short-lived Litbel. In 1924, it was returned to Belarus.