Volgograd

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Volgograd (English)
Волгоград (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Volgograd bridge construction3.jpg
View of Volgograd
Map of Russia - Volgograd Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Volgograd Oblast in Russia
Volgograd is located in Volgograd Oblast
Volgograd
Coordinates: 48°42′N 44°31′E / 48.7°N 44.517°E / 48.7; 44.517Coordinates: 48°42′N 44°31′E / 48.7°N 44.517°E / 48.7; 44.517
Coat of Arms of Volgograd.png
Volgograd flag.gif
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day Second Sunday of September
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Volgograd Oblast
Administrative center of Volgograd Oblast
Municipal status
Urban okrug Volgograd Urban Okrug
Head Roman Grebennikov
Representative body City Duma
Statistics
Area 565 km2 (218 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
1,021,244 inhabitants[2]
Rank in 2010 12th
Population (2002 Census) 1,011,417 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2002 12th
Density 1,808 /km2 (4,683 /sq mi)[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)
Founded 1555[5]
Previous names Tsaritsyn (until 1925),[5]
Stalingrad (until 1961)[5]
Postal code(s) 400001..400138
Dialing code(s) +7 8442
Official website
Volgograd on WikiCommons

Volgograd formerly called Tsaritsyn (1589–1925) and Stalingrad (1925–1961) is an important industrial city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. It is 80 km long, north to south, on the western bank of the Volga River and has a population of 1.011 millon people. The city was made famous for its heroic resistance and extensive damage during the Battle of Stalingrad during World War II.

History[change | change source]

Coat of Arms of Tsaritsyn(1857)

Volgograd developed from 1589 when the fortress of Tsaritsyn was founded at the confluence of the Tsaritsa and Volga Rivers. During the Russian Civil War the city was the scene of heavy fighting. Bolshevik forces occupied it during 1918, but were attacked by White forces.

Under Stalin, the city became heavily industrialized as a centre of heavy industry and trans-shipment by rail and river. During World War II, Stalingrad became the center of the Battle of Stalingrad as well as a turning point in the war against Germany. Essentially, the German offensive was checked at Stalingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad lasted from August 21, 1942 to February 2, 1943, where 1.7 million to 2 million Axis and Soviet soldiers were killed, wounded or captured, in addition to over 40,000 civilians killed. The city was reduced to rubble during the fierce fighting, but reconstruction began soon after the Germans were expelled from the city.

International relations[change | change source]

Twin towns — Sister cities[change | change source]

As of 2008, Volgograd has 21 sister cities[6]:

A number of communities in France and Italy have streets or avenues named after Stalingrad, hence Place de Stalingrad in Paris and the Paris Métro station of Stalingrad.

Gallery[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Official website of Volgograd
  2. "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года [Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
  3. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved February 9, 2012.
  4. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. pp. 81–83. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  6. Friendly relationship at Official website of Volgograd
  7. "広島市の姉妹・友好都市". City.hiroshima.jp. http://www.city.hiroshima.jp/shimin/kokusai/shimai/top-e.html. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
  8. "Ruse Municipality - Fraternize Cities". © 2008-2009 Ruse Municipality. http://www.ruse-bg.eu/index.php?area=2&p=gallery&action=showimages&galid=18. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
  9. Executive power of Baku city

Other websites[change | change source]