West Pakistan

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West Pakistan
مغربى پاکستان
পশ্চিম পাকিস্তান
Former western wing of Pakistan

1947–1970
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
"Unity, Discipline, Faith"
Anthem
Qaumī Tarāna
National Anthem
Area constituting West Pakistan shown in Red; Princley states and boundaries shown in light colour.
Capital Karachi (1947–1955)
Lahore (proclaimed)
Islamabad (1965–1970)
Language(s) Urdu (official)
English (official)
Balochi · Pashto · Punjabi
Saraiki · Sindhi · Kashmiri
Religion Islam
Hinduism
Christianity
Government Parliamentarydominion (1947–58)
Presidential republic (1960–69)
Military government (1969–70)
Chief Ministers
 - 1955–1957 Abdul Jabbar Khan
 - 1957–1958 Abdur Rashid Khan
 - 1958 Muzaffar Ali Kizilbax
Governors
 - 1955–1957 Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani
 - 1957–1960 Akhter Husain
Administratora
 - 1960–1966 Amir Mohammad Khan
 - 1966–1969 Muhammad Musa
 - 1969–1970 Nur Khan
Legislature Legislative Assembly
High Court
Historical era Cold War
 - Independence of Pakistan Established 14 August 1947
 - Final settlement 22 November 1954
 - Dissolution[1] 1 July 1970
Currency Pakistani rupee (M)
Calling code +92
Today part of  Pakistan

The province of West Pakistan was created on 14 October 1955 by the merger of the provinces, states and tribal areas of the western wing. The province was composed of twelve divisions and the provincial capital was established at Lahore. The province of East Bengal was renamed East Pakistan with the provincial capital at Dacca. The federal government moved in 1959 from Karachi to Rawalpindi (provisional capital until Islamabad was finished), whilst the federal legislature moved to DACCA.

West Pakistan formed a block whose people seemed homogeneous (similar to each other). However, the new region included people of different ethnicities and languages. The "One Unit Policy" was regarded as a rational administrative reform which would reduce spending and eliminate provincial prejudices. However with the military coup of 1958, trouble loomed for the province when the office of Chief Minister was abolished and the President took over executive powers for West Pakistan. The province of West Pakistan was dissolved in July 1970 by President Yahya Khan.

General elections held in December 1970 saw the Awami League under Mujibur Rahman win an overall majority of seats in parliament (all but two of the 162 seats allocated to East Pakistan). The Awami League advocated greater autonomy (or self-rule) for East Pakistan, but the military government did not permit Mujibur Rahman to form a government.

Stamp showing both the East and west divisions of Pakistan Before the secession of Bangladesh. On March 25th 1971, West Pakistan began a civil war to subdue the democratic victory of East Pakistanis. This began the war between the Pakistani military and the Mukhti Bahini. The resulting refugee crisis led to the intervention by India, eventually leading to the surrender of the Pakistani Army. East Pakistan suffered a genocide of its Bengali population. East Pakistan became the independent state of Bangladesh on December 16, 1971. The term West Pakistan became redundant.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Story of Pakistan. "West Pakistan Established as One Unit [1955"]. Story of Pakistan (Note: One Unit continued until General Yahya Khan dissolved it on July 1, 1970). Story of Pakistan, West Pakistan. http://www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A137. Retrieved 27 February 2012.

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