Western Front (World War I)

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Western Front
Part of World War I
A British trench near the Albert-Bapaume road at Ovillers-La Boisselle, July 1916 during the Battle of the Somme. The men are from A Company, 11th Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment.
For most of World War I, Allied and German Forces were stalled in trench warfare along the Western Front. This picture shows a sentry of A Company, 11th Battalion, The Cheshire Regiment in a trench during the Battle of the Somme.
Date 1914 – 1918
Location Belgium and northeastern France
Result Allied victory
Participants
 Belgium

United Kingdom British Empire

 France and French Overseas Empire
 Portugal[7]
 United States

 German Empire
 Austria-Hungary[8]
Commanders and leaders
No unified command until 1918, then Ferdinand Foch MoltkeFalkenhaynHindenburg and Ludendorff → Hindenburg and Groener
Casualties and losses
~4,800,000 Unknown

After the beginning of World War I in 1914, the German army started the Western Front by invading Luxembourg and Belgium. They then gained military control of many important industrial regions in France. The tide of the advance was dramatically turned with the Battle of the Marne. Both sides then engaged in trench warfare from the North Sea to the Swiss border with France. During the years between 1915 and 1917, many offensives started along these lines. They used lots of artillery and a large amount of infantry advances. However, a combination of entrenchments, machine gun nests, barbed wire, and artillery stopped these advances before any major damage could be done to the opposing forces. No major breakthroughs happened. To try to stop the deadlock, this front used new military technology, like poison gas, aircraft, and tanks.

References[change | change source]

  1. "First World War 1914 – 1918". Australian War Memorial. http://www.awm.gov.au/atwar/ww1.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-05.
  2. "Canada in the First World War and the Road to Vimy Ridge" (in English). Veteran Affairs Canada. 1992. http://www.vac-acc.gc.ca/general/sub.cfm?source=history/firstwar/vimy. Retrieved 2006-12-05.
  3. Corrigan, Gordon (1999). Sepoys in the Trenches: The Indian Corps on the Western Front 1914–15. Spellmount Ltd.. ISBN 1-86227-354-5 .
  4. See The Royal Newfoundland Regiment
  5. "New Zealand and the First World War - Overview". New Zealand's History Online. http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/node/1216. Retrieved 2007-01-26.
  6. Uys, I.S.. "The South Africans at Delville Wood". The South African Military History Society. http://rapidttp.com/milhist/vol072iu.html. Retrieved 2007-01-26.
  7. Rodrigues, Hugo. "Portugal in World War I". The First World War. http://www.first-world-war.org/portu.htm. Retrieved 2007-01-26.
  8. Herwig (1997):423,442—The Austro-Hungarian 1st and 35th divisions arrived at the front in September 1918. They returned home at the end of October.