White-crested cockatoo

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Cacatua alba on arm.
Cacatua alba crest raised.

The white-crested cockatoo, Cacatua alba, is a bird. It is also called the white cockatoo and the umbrella cockatoo.[1] It is one of a larger group of birds in the family Cacatuidae. Cockatoos are a kind of parrot.

The birds in this genus are outdoor birds in Australia and the islands north of Australia and including the Philippines.[2]

Appearance[change | edit source]

Cockatoos have black bills made of keratin. They have black feet. The white-crested cockatoo is about 17.5 inches long.

Conservation status[change | edit source]

The White Cockatoo is considered vulnerable by the IUCN. Its numbers in the wild have declined owing to capture for the cage bird trade and habitat loss.[2] It is listed in appendix II of the CITES list which gives it protection by restricting export and import of wild-caught birds. BirdLife International indicates that catch quotas issued by the Indonesian government were 'exceeded by up to 18 times in some localities' in 1991.[2] RSPCA supported surveys by the Indonesian NGO ProFauna suggest that significant levels of trade in wild-caught White Cockatoos still occur, with 200+ taken from the wild in north Halmahera in 2007.[3] Approximately 40% of the parrots (White Cockatoo, Chattering Lory, Violet-necked Lory and Eclectus Parrot) caught in Halmahera are smuggled to the Philippines, while approximately 60% go to the domestic Indonesian trade, especially via bird markets in Surabaya and Jakarta.[3]

References[change | edit source]

  1. Alderton, David (2003). The ultimate encyclopedia of caged and aviary birds. London: Hermes House. p. 204. ISBN 1-84309-164-X.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "BirdLife International (2011) Species factsheet: Cacatua alba.". Birdlife International. http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=1402. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 ProFauna Indonesia (2008). Pirated Parrots Retrieved 8 September 2011.