White-tailed deer

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White-tailed Deer
Male (buck or stag)
Female (doe)
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Capreolinae
Genus: Odocoileus
Species: O. virginianus
Binomial name
Odocoileus virginianus
Zimmermann, 1780
Subspecies

38, see text

White-tailed Deer range map

The white-tailed deer is a type of deer that is found throughout most of North America, except some parts of the United States. There are also some in South America, and humans brought some to Europe and New Zealand.[1]

The white-tailed deer is normally between around 57 and 137 kilograms (125 to 301 pounds) in weight. Its body is between 160 and 220 centimeters (63 to 86 inches) long. It is mostly colored brown, but can also be greyish or reddish in winter and summer. Male white-tailed deer have large antlers. These fall off in the winter. The white-tailed deer mostly lives between two and three years long. Sometimes, though, they will live for more than ten years.[2]

This type of deer is quite shy. When they are scared, they run very fast, and wave their tails. They mostly stay alone and in the same location throughout the year. During the autumn, the deer engage in mating.[2]

Fawn (baby deer) takes its first steps

They mostly eat vegetation like tree leaves or smaller plants. The deer feed mostly during the morning and evening.[2]

Predators of the white-tailed deer include animals like wolves, coyotes, bears, and mountain lions, as well as humans.[2]

References[change | change source]