White nose syndrome
White nose syndrome (WNS) is a condition which has caused many bats in the United States and Canada to die. The condition is named white nose because the affected bats have a fungus around their nose which is white. It was discovered in February 2006.
The disease was first reported in January 2007 in some New York caves. It spread to other New York caves and into Vermont, Massachusetts and Connecticut in 2008. In early 2009 it was found in New Hampshire, New Jersey, Pennsylvania. West Virginia  In March 2010, it was found in Ontario, Canada, and Middle Tennessee. In 2012, new cases showed up in northeastern Ohio, and Acadia National Park in Maine. New confirmed cases appeared in 2013 in Georgia, South Carolina, and Illinois.
References[change | change source]
- Hill, Michael (2008-01-30). "Bat Deaths in NY, Vt. Baffle Experts". USA TODAY (Associated Press). http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/tech/science/2008-01-30-bat-deaths_N.htm. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
- "White Nose Syndrome; Could cave dwelling bat species become extinct in our lifetime?". Bat Conservation and Management, Inc.. http://www.batmanagement.com/wns/wns.html. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
- "Bat affliction found in Vermont and Massachusetts caves". Newsday.com. 2008-02-15. http://www.newsday.com/news/local/wire/newyork/ny-bc-ny--batdie-off0215feb15,0,232424.story. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
- Joe Kosack (2009). "WHITE-NOSE SYNDROME SURFACES IN PENNSYLVANIA". http://m.espn.go.com/wireless/story?storyId=3855422&lang=ES&wjb. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
- Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (2010). "White Nose Syndrome Detected In Ontario Bats". http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/Newsroom/LatestNews/289824.html. Retrieved 2010-03-19.
- Chris Smith. "Bat in Clarksville's Dunbar Cave with deadly fungus may be migrant". The Leaf-Chronicle. http://www.theleafchronicle.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=2010100324016. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
- Pat Galbincea (2012-02-16). "Deadly white-nose syndrome found on bats in Cuyahoga and Geauga County parks". The Plain Dealer. http://blog.cleveland.com/metro/2012/02/deadly_white-nose_syndrome_fou_1.html. Retrieved 2012-02-17.
- Acadia National Park News Release (2012-03-20). "Bat Disease, White-Nose Syndrome, Confirmed in Acadia National Park: Not Harmful to Humans, but Deadly to Bats". http://www.fws.gov/whitenosesyndrome/pdf/AcadiaWNS_2012.pdf. Retrieved 2012-03-21.
- Georgia Department of Natural Resources News Release (2013-03-12). "Disease Deadly to Bats Confirmed in Georgia". http://www.georgiawildlife.com/node/3245. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
- South Carolina Department of Natural Resources News Release (2013-03-11). "Bat disease white-nose syndrome confirmed in South Carolina". http://dnr.sc.gov/news/yr2013/march14/march14_batwns.html. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
- Illinois Department of Natural Resources News Release (2013-02-28). "White-Nose Syndrome Confirmed in Illinois Bats". http://www.caves.org/WNS/Illinois%20Detection.pdf. Retrieved 2013-03-26.