White nose syndrome

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

White nose syndrome (WNS) is a condition which has caused many bats in the United States and Canada to die. The condition is named white nose because the affected bats have a fungus around their nose which is white. It was discovered in February 2006.

The disease was first reported in January 2007 in some New York caves.[1] It spread to other New York caves and into Vermont, Massachusetts and Connecticut[2] in 2008.[3] In early 2009 it was found in New Hampshire,[4] New Jersey, Pennsylvania.[5] West Virginia [2] In March 2010, it was found in Ontario, Canada, and Middle Tennessee.[6][7] In 2012, new cases showed up in northeastern Ohio,[8] and Acadia National Park in Maine.[9] New confirmed cases appeared in 2013 in Georgia,[10] South Carolina,[11] and Illinois.[12]

References[change | change source]

  1. Hill, Michael (2008-01-30). "Bat Deaths in NY, Vt. Baffle Experts". USA TODAY (Associated Press). http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/tech/science/2008-01-30-bat-deaths_N.htm. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "White Nose Syndrome; Could cave dwelling bat species become extinct in our lifetime?". Bat Conservation and Management, Inc.. http://www.batmanagement.com/wns/wns.html. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
  3. "Bat affliction found in Vermont and Massachusetts caves". Newsday.com. 2008-02-15. http://www.newsday.com/news/local/wire/newyork/ny-bc-ny--batdie-off0215feb15,0,232424.story. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
  4. http://www.nashuatelegraph.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20090223/NEWS02/302239991
  5. Joe Kosack (2009). "WHITE-NOSE SYNDROME SURFACES IN PENNSYLVANIA". http://m.espn.go.com/wireless/story?storyId=3855422&lang=ES&wjb. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
  6. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (2010). "White Nose Syndrome Detected In Ontario Bats". http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/Newsroom/LatestNews/289824.html. Retrieved 2010-03-19.
  7. Chris Smith. "Bat in Clarksville's Dunbar Cave with deadly fungus may be migrant". The Leaf-Chronicle. http://www.theleafchronicle.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=2010100324016. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  8. Pat Galbincea (2012-02-16). "Deadly white-nose syndrome found on bats in Cuyahoga and Geauga County parks". The Plain Dealer. http://blog.cleveland.com/metro/2012/02/deadly_white-nose_syndrome_fou_1.html. Retrieved 2012-02-17.
  9. Acadia National Park News Release (2012-03-20). "Bat Disease, White-Nose Syndrome, Confirmed in Acadia National Park: Not Harmful to Humans, but Deadly to Bats". http://www.fws.gov/whitenosesyndrome/pdf/AcadiaWNS_2012.pdf. Retrieved 2012-03-21.
  10. Georgia Department of Natural Resources News Release (2013-03-12). "Disease Deadly to Bats Confirmed in Georgia". http://www.georgiawildlife.com/node/3245. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  11. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources News Release (2013-03-11). "Bat disease white-nose syndrome confirmed in South Carolina". http://dnr.sc.gov/news/yr2013/march14/march14_batwns.html. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  12. Illinois Department of Natural Resources News Release (2013-02-28). "White-Nose Syndrome Confirmed in Illinois Bats". http://www.caves.org/WNS/Illinois%20Detection.pdf. Retrieved 2013-03-26.