|Classification and external resources|
Cut section showing two halves of a nephroblastoma specimen. Note the prominent septa subdividing the sectioned surface and the protrusion of tumor into the renal pelvis, resembling botryoid rhabdomyosarcoma.
Wilms tumor, also known as Nephroblastoma, is a form of kidney cancer that occurs most often in children. It has an excellent prognosis, with 90% of patients living for more than five years after being diagnosed.
Treatment[change | change source]
In general, Wilms' tumor is curable. If the tumor is only in the kidney, it can be removed along with the whole kidney. This procedure is called a nephrectomy. During the operation, the surgeon checks if the other kidney has a tumor. If there are tumors in both kidneys, a piece of the tumor will be removed. After the surgery, the child is given some chemotherapy drugs like Dactinomycin. This drug is also known by its trade name Cosmegen.
References[change | change source]
- Metzger ML, Dome JS (2005). "Current therapy for Wilms' tumor". Oncologist 10 (10): 815–26. doi:10.1634/theoncologist.10-10-815. PMID 16314292. http://theoncologist.alphamedpress.org/cgi/content/full/10/10/815?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=wilms&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&resourcetype=HWCIT.