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The time when the witch hunts were most common in Europe was from about 1480 AD to 1700 AD. That was when there was the Protestant Reformation and the Thirty Years' War. Back then, tens of thousands of witches were executed. Witch hunts also happened a lot in America around that time.
Today, most countries don't have laws against witches any more, so there are less witch hunts, although the term "witch hunt" can also be used as a joke to refer to something like a witch hunt. An example of a modern "witch hunt" would be the Cold War communist hunt. which was discredited partly through being compared to the Salem Witch Trials.
References[change | change source]
Further reading[change | change source]
- Behringer, Wolfgang. Witches and Witch Hunts: A Global History. Malden Massachusetts: Polity Press, 2004.
- Briggs, Robin. 'Many reasons why': witchcraft and the problem of multiple explanation, in Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe. Studies in Culture and Belief, ed. Jonathan Barry, Marianne Hester, and Gareth Roberts, Cambridge University Press, 1996.
- Levack, Brian P. The Great Scottish Witch Hunt of 1661-1662, The Journal of British Studies, Vol.20, No, 1. (Autumn, 1980), pp. 90–108.
- Levack, Brian P. The witch hunt in early modern Europe, Second Edition. London and New York: Longman, 1995.
- Macfarlane, Alan. Witchcraft in Tudor and Stuart England: A regional and Comparative Study. New York and Evanston: Harper & Row Publishers, 1970.
- Midlefort, Erick H.C. Witch Hunting in Southeastern Germany 1562-1684: The Social and Intellectual Foundation. California: Stanford University Press, 1972. ISBN 0804708053
- Oberman, H. A., J. D. Tracy, Thomas A. Brady (eds.), Handbook of European History, 1400-1600: Visions, Programs, Outcomes (1995) ISBN 9004097619
- Oldridge, Darren (ed.), The Witchcraft Reader (2002) ISBN 0415214920
- Poole, Robert. The Lancashire Witches: Histories and Stories (2002) ISBN 0719062047
- Purkiss, Diane. "A Holocaust of One's Own: The Myth of the Burning Times." Chapter in The Witch and History: Early Modern and Twentieth Century Representatives New York, NY: Routledge, 1996, pp. 7–29.
- Sagan, Carl. The Demon-Haunted World, Random House, 1996. ISBN 039453512X
- Thurston, Robert. The Witch Hunts: A History of the Witch Persecutions in Europe and North America. Pearson/Longman, 2007.
- Purkiss, Diane. The Bottom of the Garden, Dark History of Fairies, Hobgoblins, and Other Troublesome Things. Chapter 3 Brith and Death: Fairies in Scottish Witch-trials New York, NY: New York University Press, 2000, pp. 85–115.
- West, Robert H. Reginald Scot and Renaissance Writings. Boston: Twayne Publishers,1984.
- Briggs, K.M. Pale Hecate’s Team, an Examination of the Beliefs on Witchcraft and Magic among Shakespeare’s Contemporaries and His Immediate Successors. New York: The Humanities Press, 1962.
Other websites[change | change source]
- The Stages of a Witch Trial — a series of articles by Jenny Gibbons.
- 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia entry on "Witchcraft"
- The Burning Times A Wiccan discusses what she considers the three myths of "The Burning Times"
- Jenny Gibbons (1998). . Retrieved 21 November 2006.
- Crises: Witch hunt
- The Decline and End of Witch Trials in Europe by James Hannam
- Witch Trials Documentary Archive and Transcription Project
- Cornish witch-trials
- Witch Trials
- Dame Alice le Kyteler, convicted of witchcraft in Kilkenny, Ireland, 1324
- Elizabethan Superstitions in the Elizabethan Period by Linda Alchin