Wushu (sport)

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A typical wushu competition, here represented by the 10th All-China Games.
Wushu
Traditional Chinese 武術
Simplified Chinese 武术
Literal meaning martial arts

Wushu is a sport that is originated from traditional Chinese martial arts.[1][2] It was created in China after 1949. It was created to nationalize the practice of traditional Chinese martial arts.[3] Most of the competitions had influences of martial arts. This was created by government committees. Wushu has become an international sport through the International Wushu Federation (IWUF). The IWUF holds the World Wushu Championships every two years. The first World Championships were held in 1991 in Beijing, which Yuan Wen Qing won.[4]

Competitive wushu is made up of two disciplines: taolu (套路; forms) and sanda (散打; sparring).[5] Taolu involves martial art patterns and a series of movement. These are judged and given points according to specific rules. The movements could be stances, kicks, punches, balances, jumps, sweeps and throws. Competitive forms have time limits that can range from 1 minute, 20 seconds to over five minutes. Modern wushu competitors are trained in aerial techniques such as 540 and 720 and even 900 degree jumps and kicks.[6]

Sanda (sometimes called sanshou or Lei tai) is a modern fighting method and sport. It was influenced by traditional Chinese boxing, Chinese wrestling and other Chinese grappling. Sanda has all the combat features of wushu. Sanda happens to be like kickboxing or Muay Thai. However, it involves more grappling techniques. Sanda fighting competitions are often held alongside taolu or form competitions.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Kung Fu Fighting for Fans". Newsweek. 2010-02-18. http://blog.newsweek.com/blogs/beijingolympics/archive/2008/08/23/kung-fu-fighting-for-respect.aspx.
  2. Wren, Christopher (1983-09-11). "OF MONKS AND MARTIAL ARTS". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1983/09/11/travel/of-monks-and-martial-arts.html?scp=10&sq=wushu&st=cse. Retrieved 2010-08-11.
  3. Fu, Zhongwen (1996, 2006). Mastering Yang Style Taijiquan.. Louis Swaine. Berkeley, California: Blue Snake Books. ISBN 1-58394-152-5 (trade paper) .
  4. Lee, Sb; Hong, Jh; Lee, Ts (2007). "Wu Shu". Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference (British Kung Fu Association) 2007: 632–5. doi:10.1109/IEMBS.2007.4352369 . PMID 18002035 . http://www.laugar-kungfu.com/wushu.asp. Retrieved 2008-08-27
  5. International Wushu Federation. Wushu Sport.
  6. Wu, Raymond (2007). Fundamentals of High Performance Wushu: Taolu Jumps and Spins. Lulu. ISBN 978-1-4303-1820-0 .

Books[change | change source]

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