Zen is the Japanese version of the Chinese Ch'uan sect of Buddhism. It has a distinctive style. It is not so much a set of beliefs as a set of practices. Those practices center around the personal efforts of the would-be master to attain "enlightenment".
In the 1960s in California, Aldous Huxley and others led students and others into a kind of Zen cult. From there it spread to many parts of the western world. Gurus and zen masters such as D.T. Suzuki became admired and famous. Other forms of meditation also flourished, and Buddhism generally became better known in the West.
- Bullock, Alan; Stallybrass, Oliver & Trombley, Stephen 1988. The Fontana dictionary of modern thought. 2nd ed, London: Fontana. p916. ISBN 0-00-686129-6