|Coordinates: 39°4′4.8″N 141°43′30.8″E / 39.068000°N 141.725222°ECoordinates: 39°4′4.8″N 141°43′30.8″E / 39.068000°N 141.725222°E|
|• Total||323.30 km2 (124.83 sq mi)|
|• Density||119/km2 (310/sq mi)|
|• Bird||Black-tailed Gull|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|City hall address||15, Sakarichō Aza Utsunosawa, Ōfunato-shi, Iwate-ken 022-8501|
|Website||City of Ōfunato|
Ōfunato (大船渡市, Ōfunato-shi) is a city in southeastern Iwate, Japan.
The city of Ōfunato was originally part of the ancient Mutsu Province. It has been settled since the Jōmon period. The modern village of Ōfunato was made within Kesen District, Iwate on April 1, 1889. In 1896, the Meiji-Sanriku earthquake caused a 25-meter tsunami that killed 27,000 people in Sanriku. Ōfunato was promoted officially promoted to town status on April 1, 1932. In 1933, a 8.4 magnitude earthquake stuck the town and caused a 28-meter tsunami that killed 1522 people. On April 1, 1952, the town of Sakari, and villages of Akasaki, Takkon, Massaki, Ikawa and Hikoroichi all merged with Ōfunato to form the city. On November 15, 2001, the town of Sanriku (from Kesen District) also merged into Ōfunato.
2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami[change | change source]
Ōfunato was very badly damaged by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. The wave that hit the city was estimated to have reached 23.6 meters in height.
It was listed that 3,498 out of 15,138 houses in the town were destroyed by the tsunami and 305 people were confirmed dead. At least six of Ōfunato's 58 designated evacuation sites were flooded by the tsunami.
A tugboat among the debris
References[change | change source]
- ↑ "市の概要". City of Ōfunato (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2015-02-28. Retrieved 2014-10-07.
- ↑ "Japan earthquake: Ofunato devastated by tsunami". BBC News. Retrieved 2014-10-07.
- ↑ Memmott, Mark (23 March 2011). "Tsunami Was More Than 77 Feet High At Its Peak". NPR. National Public Radio. Retrieved 2014-10-07.
- ↑ "NOAA tsunami data table". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-10-07.
- ↑ "Tsunami hit more than 100 designated evacuation sites". The Japan Times. 14 April 2011. Retrieved 2014-10-07.
Other websites[change | change source]
Media related to Ofunato, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website Archived 2014-10-12 at the Wayback Machine (in Japanese)