100 Landscapes of Japan (Shōwa period)

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The 100 Landscapes of Japan (日本百景) is a list of famous scenic sites in Japan. This list was developed early in the Shōwa period which was the reign of Emperor Shōwa.

History[change | change source]

A national poll was part of creating the "100 Landscapes of Shōwa" (昭和百景, Shōwa hyakkei) at the beginning of Emperor Hirohito's reign.

The Nichi Nichi Shimbun and Mainichi Shimbun supported the selection process during 1927. Also, groupings of "Eight Views" and "Twenty-five Sites" were developed.[1]

In 2009, the Yomiuri Shimbun sponsored an update. The newspaper and its readers selected the "100 Landscapes of Heisei" (平成百景, Heisei hyakkei). This new selection was supported by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism.[2]

Table[change | change source]

100 Views[change | change source]

View Prefecture Class Image National Park
Lake Tōya (洞爺湖) Hokkaidō Lakes 130922 Lake Toya Toyako Hokkaido Japan03s3.jpg Shikotsu-Toya National Park (支笏洞爺国立公園)
Sōunkyō (層雲峽) Hokkaidō Gorges Sounkyo1.jpg Daisetsuzan National Park (大雪山国立公園)
Noboribetsu Onsen (登別温泉) Hokkaidō Onsen Oyunuma river.jpg Shikotsu-Toya National Park (支笏洞爺国立公園)
Takata-matsubara (高田松原) Iwate Prefecture Coast Takata-matsubara.jpg Rikuchu Kaigan National Park (陸中海岸国立公園)
Geibikei (猊鼻渓) Iwate Prefecture Gorges N/A
Hanamaki Onsen (花巻温泉) Iwate Prefecture Onsen Hanamaki onsen01s3200.jpg N/A
Kesennuma Bay (気仙沼湾) Miyagi Prefecture Coast Oogama-001.jpg Rikuchu Kaigan National Park (陸中海岸国立公園)
Ishinomaki coastline (石巻海岸) Miyagi Prefecture Coast Sanjuanbautista.jpg Minami-Sanriku Kinkazan Quasi-National Park (南三陸金華山国定公園)
Aone Onsen (青根温泉) Miyagi Prefecture Onsen Minami-Sanriku Kinkazan Quasi-National Park (南三陸金華山国定公園)
Oga Peninsula (男鹿半島) Akita Prefecture Coast Oga peninsula z.JPG Oga Quasi-National Park (男鹿国定公園)
Lake Tazawa (田沢湖) Akita Prefecture Lakes Tazawako 577.jpg Towada-Hachimantai National Park (十和田八幡平国立公園)
Mount Chōkai (鳥海山) Akita Prefecture Mountains Mt Chokai from Yashima Town.jpg Chōkai Quasi-National Park (鳥海国定公園)
Matsukawa-ura (松川浦) Fukushima Prefecture Coast N/A
Shinmaiko coastline (新舞子) Fukushima Prefecture Coast Minami Bōsō Quasi-National Park (南房総国定公園)
Lake Inawashiro (猪苗代湖) Fukushima Prefecture Lakes Lake Inawashiro 1.JPG Bandai-Asahi National Park (磐梯朝日国立公園)
Mount Ryō (霊山) Fukushima Prefecture Mountains N/A
Higashiyama Onsen (東山温泉) Fukushima Prefecture Onsen Higashiyama Onsen 01.jpg N/A
Lake Kasumigaura (霞ヶ浦) Ibaraki Prefecture Lakes Lake Kasumigaura and Mt.Tsukuba,Inashiki-city,Japan.JPG Suigo-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park (水郷筑波国定公園)
Mount Tsukuba (筑波山) Ibaraki Prefecture Mountains Mt.Tsukuba.jpg Suigo-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park (水郷筑波国定公園)
Lake Chūzenji (中禅寺湖) Tochigi Prefecture Lakes Mount nantai and lake chuzenji.jpg Nikkō National Park (日光国立公園)
Oze-numa (尾瀬沼) Gunma Prefecture Lakes Ozechitou-1.jpg Oze National Park
Suga-numa (菅沼) Gunma Prefecture Lakes Oze National Park (尾瀬国立公園)
Mount Akagi (赤城山) Gunma Prefecture Mountains Akagiyama03.JPG N/A
Mount Myōgi (妙義山) Gunma Prefecture Mountains Mt-myogi-in-summer.jpg Myōgi-Arafune-Saku Kogen Quasi-National Park (妙義荒船佐久高原国定公園)
Nagatoro (長瀞) Saitama Prefecture Gorges Nagatorokeikoku1.jpg N/A
Tateyama Bay (鏡ヶ浦) Chiba Prefecture Coast Sunosaki aerial photo.jpg Minami Bōsō Quasi-National Park (南房総国定公園)
Mount Seichō (清澄山) Chiba Prefecture Mountains Minami Bōsō Quasi-National Park (南房総国定公園)
Mount Takao (高尾山) Tōkyō Metropolis Mountains Itcho-daira 2010-11.JPG Meiji no Mori Takao Quasi-National Park (明治の森高尾国定公園)
Okutama Ravine (奥多摩渓谷) Tōkyō Metropolis Gorges LakeOkutama0050.jpg Chichibu Tama Kai National Park (秩父多摩甲斐国立公園)
Enoshima (江の島) Kanagawa Prefecture Coast Enoshima west beach 02.jpg N/A
Sasagawanagare (笹川流) Niigata Prefecture Coast Sunset at Sasagawanagare in Niigata prefecture in Japan.jpg N/A
Lake Kamo (加茂湖) Niigata Prefecture Lakes Sado-Yahiko-Yoneyama Quasi-National Park (佐渡弥彦米山国定公園)
Agano River (阿賀川) Niigata Prefecture Rivers Kanose Dam.jpg N/A
Awara Onsen (芦原温泉) Fukui Prefecture Onsen N/A
Kujūku Bay (九十九湾) Ishikawa Prefecture Coast Noto Hanto Quasi-National Park (能登半島国定公園)
Yamanaka Onsen (山中温泉) Ishikawa Prefecture Onsen Yamanaka-Kikunoyu & Yamanakaza.jpg N/A
Wakura Onsen (和倉温泉) Ishikawa Prefecture Onsen Wakura Onsen 01.jpg Noto Hanto Quasi-National Park (能登半島国定公園)
Katayamazu Onsen (片山津温泉) Ishikawa Prefecture Onsen N/A
Mount Kaikoma (甲斐駒ヶ岳) Yamanashi Prefecture Mountains Kaikomagatake from kurisawayama 1998 10 11.jpg Minami Alps National Park (南アルプス国立公園)
Yatsugatake plains (八ヶ岳) Yamanashi Prefecture Plains Minami-Yatsugatake from Mt.Kitayokodake 05.jpg N/A
Susobana-kyō (裾花峡) Nagano Prefecture Gorges N/A
Kiso Tadachi Falls (田立の滝) Nagano Prefecture Waterfalls N/A
Obasute (姥捨) Nagano Prefecture Plains N/A
Ena Gorge (恵那峽) Gifu Prefecture Gorges Enakyo.jpg
Numazu Senbon Matsubara (沼津灣 (千本松原静浦)) Shizuoka Prefecture Coastlines Senbonmatsubara (Shizuoka).jpg N/A
Lake Ippeki (一碧湖) Shizuoka Prefecture Lakes Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park (富士箱根伊豆国立公園)
Fuji River (富士川) Shizuoka Prefecture Rivers Fujikawa I power station and Toshima Dam.jpg N/A
Fuji Shiraito Falls (富士白糸の滝) Shizuoka Prefecture Waterfalls Shiraito Falls (Fujinomiya).jpg Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park (富士箱根伊豆国立公園)
Itō Onsen (伊東温泉) Shizuoka Prefecture Onsen Itou-Spa-object.JPG N/A
Nihondaira (日本平) Shizuoka Prefecture Plains Mount Fuji from Nihondaira.JPG N/A
Fuji Shunshū (富士駿州裾野) Shizuoka Prefecture Plains Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park (富士箱根伊豆国立公園)
Gamagōri coastline (蒲郡海岸) Aichi Prefecture Coast Takeshima Wharf.jpg Mikawawan Quasi-National Park (三河湾国定公園)
Toba Bay (鳥羽湾) Mie Prefecture Coast Toba Port 05.jpg Ise-Shima National Park (伊勢志摩国立公園)
Onigajō (御濱鬼ヶ城) Mie Prefecture Coast Oniga-jo01.JPG Yoshino-Kumano National Park (吉野熊野国立公園)
Mount Asama (朝熊山) Mie Prefecture Mountains Sunrise of Asama-yama 01.jpg Ise-Shima National Park (伊勢志摩国立公園)
Akame Shijūhachi Falls (赤目四十八滝) Mie Prefecture Waterfalls Akame48Taki FudoTaki.jpg Murō-Akame-Aoyama Quasi-National Park (室生赤目青山国定公園)
Hozu River (保津川) Kyōto Prefecture Rivers Jrballe hozu river 2007 001.JPG N/A
Uji River (宇治川) Kyōto Prefecture Rivers Uji bridge5.jpg N/A
Minō Falls (箕面滝) Ōsaka Prefecture Waterfalls Mino Otaki.jpg Meiji Memorial Forest Minō Quasi-National Park (明治の森箕面国定公園)
Cape Akō (赤穂御崎) Hyōgo Prefecture Coast Ako Misaki21n3200.jpg Setonaikai National Park (瀬戸内海国立公園)
Mount Seppiko (雪彦山) Hyōgo Prefecture Mountains Seppiko2.JPG N/A
Awaji Sakiyama (淡路先山) Hyōgo Prefecture Mountains Sengamine04.jpg Setonaikai National Park (瀬戸内海国立公園)
Uwano Plains (兎和野原) Hyōgo Prefecture Plains
Mount Shigi (信貴山) Nara Prefecture Mountains View of Chyogosonshiji hondo3.jpg N/A
Mount Ōdaigahara (大台ヶ原山) Nara Prefecture Mountains Odaigahara01.JPG Yoshino-Kumano National Park (吉野熊野国立公園)
Koza River (古座川) Wakayama Prefecture Rivers Ichimai-iwa, Kozagawa01.JPG N/A
Uradome coastline (浦富海岸) Tottori Prefecture Coast Uradome Coast Sengan-Matsushima.JPG Sanin Kaigan National Park (山陰海岸国立公園)
Mount Daisen (大山) Tottori Prefecture {Mountains Daisen in Autumn.jpg Daisen-Oki National Park (大山隠岐国立公園)
Misasa Onsen (三朝温泉) Tottori Prefecture Onsen Misasa onsen06s3648.jpg N/A
Lake Shinji (宍道湖) Shimane Prefecture Lakes Lake Shinji, Matsue.jpg N/A
Kōno River (江川) Shimane Prefecture Rivers Tomoe bridge Miyoshi.jpg N/A
Shimotsui coastline (下津井海岸) Okayama Prefecture Coast Shimotsui-Seto Bridge who saw from Okayama Prefecture.JPG Setonaikai National Park (瀬戸内海国立公園)
Kanba Falls (神庭の滝) Okayama Prefecture Waterfalls Kanba Falls.JPG N/A
Tadanoumi coastline (忠海海岸) Hiroshima Prefecture Coast Setonaikai National Park (瀬戸内海国立公園)
Mount Senkōji (千光寺山) Hiroshima Prefecture Mountains (山岳) Senkojiyama ropeway01n3200.jpg N/A
Taishaku Valley (帝釈峡) Hiroshima Prefecture Gorges Shinryu Bridge 02.JPG Hiba-Dogo-Taishaku Quasi-National Park (比婆道後帝釈国定公園)
Sandan-kyō (三段峽) Hiroshima Prefecture Gorges Sandankyo Hiroshima Japan 021026.JPG Nishi-Chugoku Sanchi Quasi-National Park (西中国山地国定公園)
Murozumi Bay (室積湾) Yamaguchi Prefecture| Coast Setonaikai National Park (瀬戸内海国立公園)
Ōmijima (青海島) Yamaguchi Prefecture Coast Omijima20090301.jpg Kita Nagato Kaigan Quasi-National Park (北長門海岸国定公園)
Chōmon-kyō (長門峽) Yamaguchi Prefecture Gorges N/A
Akiyoshidai (秋吉台) Yamaguchi Prefecture Plains Akiyoshidai 003.jpg Akiyoshidai Quasi-National Park (秋吉台国定公園)
Naruto (鳴門) Tokushima Prefecture Coast Naruto Whirlpools taken 4-21-2008.jpg Setonaikai National Park (瀬戸内海国立公園)
Iya Valley (祖谷渓) Tokushima Prefecture Gorges Tokushima Miyoshi Iyanokazurabashi 1.jpg Tsurugisan Quasi-National Park (剣山国定公園)
Oboke-Koboke (大歩危小歩危) Tokushima Prefecture Gorges Ōboke gorge 01.jpg Tsurugisan Quasi-National Park (剣山国定公園)
Karei Falls (轟の滝) Tokushima Prefecture Waterfalls Todoroki Watefalls 02.JPG N/A
Kankakei (寒霞渓) Kagawa Prefecture Gorges Kankakei04s3200.jpg Setonaikai National Park (瀬戸内海国立公園)
Mount Isuzuchi (石鎚山) Ehime Prefecture Mountains Mount Ishizuchi.jpg Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park (石鎚国定公園)
Omogokei (面河渓) Ehime Prefecture Gorges Omogokeikoku.jpg Ishizuchi Quasi-National Park (石鎚国定公園)
Mount Hiko (英彦山) Fukuoka Prefecture Mountains Yaba-Hita-Hikosan Quasi-National Park (耶馬日田英彦山国定公園)
Karatsu Bay (唐津松浦潟) Saga Prefecture Coast Nijinomatsubara.jpg Genkai Quasi-National Park (玄海国定公園)
Kase River (川上川) Saga Prefecture Rivers N/A
Ureshino Onsen (嬉野温泉) Saga Prefecture Onsen Ureshino Onsen 01.jpg N/A
Kujūkushima (九十九島) Nagasaki Prefecture Coast Sasebo99IslandsSunset2A.jpg Saikai National Park (西海国立公園)
Yabakei (耶馬溪) Ōita Prefecture} Gorges Kyoshuho.jpg Yaba-Hita-Hikosan Quasi-National Park (耶馬日田英彦山国定公園)
Uozumi Falls (魚住の滝) Ōita Prefecture Waterfalls N/A
Kujū-kōgen (久住高原) Ōita Prefecture Plains Kujyusan 1991-3-3.jpg Aso Kujū National Park (阿蘇くじゅう国立公園)
Handa-kōgen (飯田高原) Ōita Prefecture Plains Handakogen.jpg Aso Kujū National Park (阿蘇くじゅう国立公園)
Takachiho-kyō (高千穂峽) Miyazaki Prefecture Gorges Takachiho Gorge by boat.jpg Sobo-Katamuki Quasi-National Park (祖母傾国定公園)
Mount Kirishima (霧島山) Kagoshima Prefecture} Mountains Kirishima Hudouike.jpg Kirishima-Yaku National Park (霧島屋久国立公園)
Kinkō Bay (錦江湾) Kagoshima Prefecture Coast Kagoshima Bay.jpg Kirishima-Yaku National Park (霧島屋久国立公園)

Eight Views[change | change source]

Landscape Prefecture Class Image National Park
Karikachi Pass (狩勝峠) Hokkaidō Plains KarikatiPass.jpg N/A
Lake Towada (十和田湖) Aomori/Akita Prefecture Lakes Lake Towada from Ohanabe 2008.jpg Towada-Hachimantai National Park (十和田八幡平国立公園)
Kegon Falls Tochigi Prefecture Waterfalls Kegon falls 2007-09-09.jpg Nikkō National Park (日光国立公園)
Kamikōchi (上高地) Nagano Prefecture Gorges Kamikochi from Mount Yake 2002-08-06.jpg Chūbu-Sangaku National Park (中部山岳国立公園)
Kiso River (木曽川) Aichi Prefecture Rivers Kiso River from Sarubami Castle 2010-11-23.jpg Hida-Kisogawa Quasi-National Park (飛騨木曽川国定公園)
Cape Muroto (室戸岬) Kōchi Prefecture Coast Cape-Muroto-20100526.jpg Muroto-Anan Quasi-National Park (室戸阿南海岸国定公園)
Mount Unzen (雲仙岳) Nagasaki Prefecture Mountains Fugendake-and-heiseishinzan.JPG Unzen-Amakusa National Park (雲仙天草国立公園)
Beppu Onsen (別府八湯) Ōita Prefecture Onsen Beppu umijigoku.jpg N/A

Twenty-Five Sites[change | change source]

View Prefecture Class Image National Park
Lake Ōnuma (大沼) Hokkaidō Lakes Komagatake dusk.jpg Ōnuma Quasi-National Park (大沼国定公園)
Fukuroda Falls (袋田の滝) Ibaraki Prefecture Waterfalls Fukuroda Falls - 袋田の滝(ふくろだのたき).jpg N/A
Shiobara Onsen (塩原温泉郷) Tochigi Prefecture Onsen Hokigawa river and Shiobara valley 001.jpg Nikkō National Park (日光国立公園)
Tone River (利根川) Chiba Prefecture Rivers Tone River.JPG Suigō-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park (水郷筑波国定公園)
Hakone Onsen (箱根温泉) Kanagawa Prefecture Onsen HakoneOnsenStreet01.JPG Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park (富士箱根伊豆国立公園)
Mount Tate (立山) Toyama Prefecture Mountains 20 Tateyama from Mikurigaike 1998-7-17.jpg Chūbu-Sangaku National Park (中部山岳国立公園)
Kurobe Gorge (黒部峽谷) Toyama Prefecture Gorges Kurobe kyokoku view from Kurobe Dam.jpg Chūbu-Sangaku National Park (中部山岳国立公園)
Wakasa Takahama (若狭高浜) Fukui Prefecture Coast Wada beach 1.JPG Wakasawan Quasi-National Park (若狭湾国定公園)
Fuji Five Lakes (富士五湖) Yamanashi Prefecture Lakes 01 Fujisan from Yamanakako 2004-2-7.jpg Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park (富士箱根伊豆国立公園)
Shōsen-kyō (御嶽昇仙峽) Yamanashi Prefecture Gorges Kakuenpou in autumn.jpg Chichibu Tama Kai National Park (秩父多摩甲斐国立公園)
Mount Ontake (木曽御嶽) Nagano Prefecture Mountains Ontakesan from Hachimoriyama 2008-4-25.JPG N/A
Mount Shirouma (白馬岳) Nagano Prefecture Mountains Shiroumadake from maruyama 26 2000 7 30.jpg Chūbu-Sangaku National Park (中部山岳国立公園)
Tenryū-kyō (天龍峽) Nagano Prefecture Gorges Nagano tenryukyo.jpg Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Park (天竜奥三河国定公園)
Nagara River (長良川) Gifu Prefecture Rivers Gifuukai2.jpg N/A
Yōrō Falls (養老の滝) Gifu Prefecture Waterfalls Yoro Waterfall.jpg Ibi-Sekigahara-Yōrō Quasi-National Park (揖斐関ヶ原養老国定公園)
Atami Onsen (熱海温泉) Shizuoka Prefecture Onsen City of Atami.jpg N/A
Lake Biwa (琵琶湖) Shiga Prefecture Lakes Biwa Lake.jpg Biwako Quasi-National Park (琵琶湖国定公園)
Nara Plain (大和平原) Nara Prefecture Plains Ryuousanjo06.jpg N/A
Dorohacchō (瀞八丁) Wakayama Prefecture Gorges Matsutakeiwa in Dorokyō.jpg Yoshino-Kumano National Park (吉野熊野国立公園)
Nachi Falls (那智滝) Wakayama Prefecture Waterfalls Nachi Falls002.JPG Yoshino-Kumano National Park (吉野熊野国立公園)
Tomonoura (鞆の浦) Hiroshima Prefecture Coastlines Setostamp1939.JPG Setonaikai National Park (瀬戸内海国立公園)
Yashima (屋島) Kagawa Prefecture Coastlines Yashima02s3200.jpg Setonaikai National Park (瀬戸内海国立公園)
Mount Aso (阿蘇山) Kumamoto Prefecture Mountains Mount Aso from Mount Naka 1991-03-07.jpg Aso Kujū National Park (阿蘇くじゅう国立公園)
Kuma River (球磨川) Kumamoto Prefecture Rivers Kumagawa Shiroishi.jpg N/A
Hita Plain (日田盆地) Ōita Prefecture Plains Japan Oita Hita Ayuyana.jpg Yaba-Hita-Hikosan Quasi-National Park (耶馬日田英彦山国定公園)

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Japan Ministry of the Environment, 日本八景(昭和2年)の選定内容 (Japanese); retrieved 2012-3-30.
  2. "100 Landscapes of Heisei announced," Yomiuri Shimbun. May 2009; retrieved 2012-3-30.