2008 Mumbai attacks

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
2008 Mumbai attacks
Bombaymapconfimed attacks.png
Locations of some of the attacks
LocationMumbai, India
Date26 November 2008
2120 hrs local time [1] (IST, UTC +5:30)
Attack type
Bombings, shootings, hostage-taking[1]
WeaponsRDX, AK-47s, and grenades[2]
Deaths175[1][3]
Non-fatal injuries
291[3]
Suspected perpetrators
Pakistan based terrorist organisation viz. Laskhar-e-Taiba (LeT), which is now known as Makaz-ud-Dawa-wal-Irshad [3]

The 2008 Mumbai attacks were carried out at seven places across Mumbai, India, on 26 November 2008.[3] 175 people were killed and 291 were injured in these attacks.[4]

Reasons for the attacks[change | change source]

Waging war against India.[3]

Location Type of attack
Mumbai India.jpg Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus railway station Shootings; grenades.
LeopoldCafe gobeirne.jpg Leopold Café, Colaba Shootings.
TajMahalPalaceMumbai1 gobeirne.jpg Taj Mahal Palace & Tower hotel Shootings; six explosions; fire on the top floor; hostages were taken. The explosive material RDX was found nearby.[3]
OberoiMumbai02 gobeirne.jpg Oberoi Trident hotel Shootings; explosions; fire; hostages were taken.
Cama Hospital Shootings; hostages were taken.[1]
Mazagaon docks Explosion; a boat with military weapons on it was stolen.
Cama Hospital Shootings; hostages were taken.[5]
Mumbai Chabad House (Nariman House) Siege; shootings;[3] hostages were taken.
Vile Parle suburb, North Mumbai Car bomb.[3]
Wadi Bandar, Mazgaon, South Mumbai Car bomb.[3]
Girgaum Chowpatty One terrorist was shot and one caught alive [6]

Mumbai attacks[change | change source]

Mumbai City (mainly south Mumbai area) came under heavy terrorist attacks on 26 November 2008, from 2120 hrs.[7] The attack started when two heavily-armed terrorists opened fire and throw grenades on the public and police inside the CST (VT) Railway Station. After that they threw grenades at BMC Office and moved to Cama Hospital. Terrorists tried to take some hostages in the hospital. They came out on the main road where they shot dead the ATS chief, HemantKarkare and other police officials, who were coming in a Toyota Qualis vehicle.[3] Two terrorists tried to escape but faced cross fire from police. The police injured and captured one terrorist. The other died near Metro Cinema.

Another group of terrorists opened fire on occupants of Leopold Cafe, Colaba (at a distance of 2.5 km from CST). They took some hostages including a Jewish couple.[8] Later, the group holed itself up inside Nariman House after taking hostages while another group forced themselves inside the lobby of Hotel Taj (at 0.5 km from Nariman House). They threw grenades and fired on the people inside the hotel lobby. Later, they moved onto the third floor and took some hostages including foreigners. They tried to blast the dome of the hotel and set the hotel on fire through grenade blast. Yet another group of terrorists entered into the lobby of Hotel Trident Oberai (at 1.5 km from CST) and started indiscriminate firing at different locations such as pool side/upper floors and took hostages. Two taxies carrying explosives exploded and killed its drivers and inmates in WadiBunder and Vile Parle area.[9]

In a major operation, the National Security Guards (NSG) neutralized all the terrorists holed up in Taj Hotel, Oberoi-Trident and Nariman House, Mumbai. The NSG completed the sanitization of Nariman House and Oberoi-Trident Hotel on November 29, 2008, Hotel Taj on early morning of November 30.

In the attack, 175 persons were killed (Police-18, Public-122, Foreigners-26 and terrorists-9) and 291 were injured (Police-25,Public-243 Foreigners-22 and terrorist-1).[10]

The multiple terrorist attacks in Mumbai were launched from Karachi from where a group of 10 Laskhar-e-Taiba (LeT) fidayeens (all Pakistanis) equipped with arms/ammunition had sailed off on November 23,2008.[11][12]

A new militant outfit called Deccan Mujahideen claimed responsibility for the attack.[13] Investigations have revealed that the sender of the email was connected to Zarrar Shah Communication,[14] Coordinator of LeT based in Pakistan. One of the perpetrators namely Ajmal belonging to district Okara of Pakistan, who was captured, revealed in his interrogation his LeT connections and other details about the attack. According to him, the operation was planned by Zaki-ur-Rehman of LeT.

Nine terrorists killed in the operations by the security forces in Mumbai have been identified by Ajmal as his fidayeen associates from LeT.[15]

Conviction of Mohd Amir MohdAjmalKasab and death penalty[change | change source]

Special Court, Mumbai convicted Mohd Amir MohdAjmalKasab (case no. 175/2009) and awarded him a death sentence on May 6, 2010.[16] Bombay High Court and the Supreme Court of India upheld the death penalty. The President of India rejected the mercy petition of Ajmal Kasab. Ajmal Kasab was hanged on November 21,2012 at 7:30 am at Yerwada jail, Pune.[17]

Acquittal of Fahim Ansari and Sabahuddin[change | change source]

In the same case, The Trial Court acquitted two Indian accused viz. Fahim Ansari and Sabahuddin with benefit of the doubt on May 3, 2010. Prosecution has challenged the acquittal of both co-accused, before the Supreme Court.[18]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "CONFIRMATION CASE NO.2 OF 2010" (PDF).
  2. "Terror attacks in Mumbai; 80 dead, over 200 injured". Times of India. 2008-11-27. Retrieved 2008-11-26.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 http://www.ijtr.nic.in/amir%20kasab.pdf
  4. Bhandarwar, Ajay H.; Bakhshi, Girish D.; Tayade, Mukund B.; Chavan, Gajanan S.; Shenoy, Sachin S.; Nair, Ashish S. (2012). "Mortality pattern of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks". The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 72 (5): 1329–1334, discussion 1334. doi:10.1097/TA.0b013e31824da04f. ISSN 2163-0763. PMID 22673262. S2CID 23968266.
  5. "Homepage". Deccan Herald. 14 February 2018.
  6. "Perpetrators and masterminds of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks". The Indian Express. 2016-11-03. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  7. http://www.ijtr.nic.in/amir%20kasab.pdf
  8. "Five hostages dead in Nariman House; two terrorists killed". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  9. "26/11 Mumbai Attacks: How India Fought Back - A Timeline". NDTV.com. Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  10. Bhandarwar, Ajay H.; Bakhshi, Girish D.; Tayade, Mukund B.; Chavan, Gajanan S.; Shenoy, Sachin S.; Nair, Ashish S. (2012). "Mortality pattern of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks". The Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 72 (5): 1329–1334, discussion 1334. doi:10.1097/TA.0b013e31824da04f. ISSN 2163-0763. PMID 22673262. S2CID 23968266.
  11. "10 'infiltrators' take 26/11 sea route to enter city, expose security lapses". Hindustan Times. 2011-08-12. Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  12. "26/11: Location in GPS matched route indicated in terrorist's diary". Zee News. 2009-08-27. Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  13. "Deccan Mujahideen claims responsibility". www.rediff.com. Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  14. "'As UK, US and India watched, Lashkar man Zarrar Shah plotted 26/11'". The Indian Express. 2014-12-24. Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  15. DelhiNovember 26, India Today Web Desk New; November 26, 2018UPDATED; Ist, 2018 15:55. "Handlers asked 26/11 Pakistani terrorists to identify themselves as Hyderabad residents". India Today. Retrieved 2021-11-04.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  16. "Perpetrators and masterminds of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks". The Indian Express. 2016-11-03. Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  17. "Ajmal Kasab, the 26/11 Mumbai attacker, hanged at Yerwada jail in Pune". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2021-11-04.
  18. Gaikwad, Rahi (2011-02-22). "Fahim Ansari, Sabahuddin get the benefit of doubt". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2021-11-04.

Other websites[change | change source]