International Congress of Mathematicians

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International Congress of Mathematicians
GenreMathematics conference
Years active1897–present
InauguratedAugust 1897; 126 years ago (1897-08)
FounderFelix Klein & Georg Cantor

The International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) is the largest conference for mathematics.[1][2][3] It meets once every four years. The organizer is the International Mathematical Union (IMU).

List of Congresses[change | change source]

Prior to the 1897 Congress, it came the International Mathematical Congress.

Year City Country
2026 Philadelphia United States United States
2022 Helsinki Online event[note 1]
2018 Rio de Janeiro Brazil Brazil
2014 Seoul South Korea South Korea
2010 Hyderabad India India
2006 Madrid Spain Spain
2002 Beijing China China
1998 Berlin Germany Germany
1994 Zürich Switzerland Switzerland
1990 Kyoto Japan Japan
1986 Berkeley United States United States
1982 (met during 1983) Warsaw Poland Poland
1978 Helsinki Finland Finland
1974 Vancouver Canada Canada
1970 Nice France France
1966 Moscow Soviet Union Soviet Union
1962 Stockholm Sweden Sweden
1958 Edinburgh United Kingdom United Kingdom
1954 Amsterdam Netherlands Netherlands
1950 Cambridge, Massachusetts United States United States
1936 Oslo Norway Norway
1932 Zürich Switzerland Switzerland
1928 Bologna Italy Italy
1924 Toronto Canada Canada
1920 Strasbourg France France
1912 Cambridge United Kingdom United Kingdom
1908 Rome Italy Italy
1904 Heidelberg German Empire German Empire
1900 Paris France France
1897 Zürich Switzerland Switzerland

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Originally planned to be in Saint Petersburg, Russia, but was moved online following the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. The IMU General Assembly took place in Helsinki, Finland, in early July, 2022. [4]

References[change | change source]

  1. G. Curbera. ICM through history. Newsletter of the European Mathematical Society, no. 63, March 2007, pp. 16-21.
  2. Olli Lehto. Mathematics without borders: a history of the International Mathematical Union. Springer-Verlag, 1998. ISBN 0-387-98358-9.
  3. Guillermo Curbera. Mathematicians of the World, Unite!: The International Congress of Mathematicians: A Human Endeavor AK Peters, 2009. ISBN 1-56881-330-9.
  4. "Decision of the Executive Committee of the IMU on the upcoming ICM 2022 and IMU General Assembly" (PDF).

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Donald J. Albers, Gerald L. Alexanderson, Constance Reid. International Mathematical Congresses: An Illustrated History, 1893-1986, Springer-Verlag, 1986. ISBN 0-387-96409-6
  • Yousef Alavi, Peter Hilton and Jean Pedersen. "Let's Meet at the Congress" American Mathematical Monthly, Vol. 93, No. 1 (Jan., 1986), pp. 3–8

Other websites[change | change source]