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2014 Gaza War

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2014 Gaza War
Part of the Gaza–Israel conflict

Left, right:
Date8 July – 26 August 2014
(1 month, 2 weeks and 4 days)

Victory claimed by both sides[6]

  • According to Israel, Hamas was severely weakened and achieved none of its demands[7]
  • According to Hamas, Israel was repelled from Gaza[8]
  • General Ceasefire between Israel and Hamas until 2023

 Gaza Strip

Commanders and leaders
Benjamin Netanyahu
(Prime Minister)
Moshe Ya'alon
(Defense Minister)
Benny Gantz
(Chief of General Staff)
Amir Eshel
(Air Force Commander)
Ram Rothberg
(Naval Commander)
Sami Turgeman
(Southern Commander)
Mickey Edelstein
(Gaza Division)
Yoram Cohen
(Chief of Shin Bet)
Khaled Mashal
(Leader of Hamas)
Ismail Haniyeh
(Deputy Chief of Hamas)
Mohammed Deif
(Head of Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades)
Ramadan Shalah
(Leader of Islamic Jihad)
Units involved
Israel Israel Defense Forces
Israel Shin Bet
Hamas Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades
State of Palestine al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades
State of Palestine Abu Ali Mustafa Brigades
al-Qaeda Al-Nasser Salah al-Deen Brigades
Palestinian Islamic Jihad Al-Quds Brigades
176,500 active personnel
565,000 reservists[9] (2012 figures, of which not all are directly involved)

Al-Qassam Brigades: 20,000[10]–40,000[11]

Al-Quds Brigades: 8,000[12]
Casualties and losses
67 soldiers and 6 civilians (1 Thai) killed,[13][14][15] 469 soldiers and 87 civilians wounded[16][17] Gaza Health Ministry: 2,310 killed[18] (70% civilians[19]), 10,626 wounded[18]
UN HRC: 2,251 killed[note 1][20] (65% civilians[20])
Israel MFA: 2,125 killed[note 2][21] (36% civilians, 44% combatants, 20% uncategorized males aged 16–50[21])
At least 23 Gazans executed by Hamas[22]

The 2014 Gaza War was a war started by Israel on 8 July 2014 and it took place in the Gaza Strip, a Palestinian territory controlled by Hamas since 2007.[note 3] After 3 Israeli teenagers were killed and kidnapped in the West Bank by members of Hamas, Israel sent its military to arrest 350 Hamas members in the West Bank.[23][24][25] Hamas then started firing Qassam rockets into Israel from the Gaza Strip, which led to a seven week long battle between Palestinian militant groups and Israel. The war led to the death of 2000 people which were mostly Gazans.[26]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Based on figures of the Palestinian Ministry of Health, p. 149[20]
  2. [21] p. 10, para. 21: "Israel does not presume to be able to produce a definitive account of all fatalities that occurred during the 2014 Gaza Conflict."
  3. Even though, Hamas controls Gaza, most of the international community consider their rule not valid and instead believe that Fatah has the right to control Gaza.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Qassam brigades claim rocket, mortar fire at southern Israel Archived 19 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine", Ma'an News Agency, Monday 21 July 2014.
  2. "Abu Jamal: Palestinian resistance continues to confront the occupier with rockets and missiles". PFLP. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  3. "Armed wing linked to Mahmoud Abbas's faction says it shot rockets at Ashkelon, Sderot and elsewhere Wednesday night". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
  4. Ben Solomon, Ariel (11 July 2014). "Videos show Lebanese jihadi group active in Gaza". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  5. "Jaysh al-Ummah (Gaza)". European Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
  6. Prusher, Ilene (26 August 2014). "Israel and Palestinians Reach Open-Ended Cease-Fire Deal". Time. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  7. "Netanyahu: Hamas suffered its greatest blow since it was founded". The Jerusalem Post. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  8. Daraghmeh, Mohammed; Laub, Karin (26 August 2014). "Israel-Gaza conflict: Hamas claims 'victory for the resistance' as long-term truce is agreed with Israel". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on 1 May 2022. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  9. International Institute for Strategic Studies (7 March 2012). Hackett, James (ed.). The Military Balance 2012. London: Routledge. ISBN 978-1-85743-642-6.
  10. "Rockets, naval commandos boost Hamas arsenal". Maannews.net. 25 July 2014. Archived from the original on 29 July 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  11. "Hamas growing in military stature, say analysts". Middleeasteye.net. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  12. Ben Gedalyahu, Ben (7 November 2011). "Iran Backs Islamic Jihad's 8,000-Man Army in Gaza". Israel National News. Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  13. "Operation Protective Edge, Casualties". Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  14. "Occupied Palestinian Territory: Gaza Emergency" (PDF). 4 September 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 September 2014. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
  15. "Two years later, IDF officer succumbs to wounds from Gaza war". The Times of Israel.
  16. Cease fire in Operation "Protective Edge" is holding MDA sums up 50 days of saving lives Archived 26 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Magen David Adom, 29 August 2014: 'During the 50 days of Operation "Protective Edge", MDA teams treated 842 civilians, including 6 who were killed by shrapnel of rockets, and another 36 who were injured by shrapnel in varying degrees, including: 10 casualties in serious condition, 6 in a moderate condition and 20 who were slightly wounded. In addition, MDA teams also treated during Operation "Protective Edge" 33 people who were injured by shattered glass and building debris, 18 who were injured in road traffic accidents which occurred when the sirens were heard, including 1 person in a serious condition, and the rest lightly or moderately wounded. 159 people were injured as a result of falling and trauma on the way to the shelters and 581 people suffered anxiety attacks.'
  17. Hartman, Ben (28 August 2014). "50 days of Israel's Gaza operation, Protective Edge – by the numbers". The Jerusalem Post.
  18. 18.0 18.1 'Ministry: Death toll from Gaza offensive topped 2,310,' Archived 11 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine Ma'an News Agency 3 January 2015.
  19. "Islamic Jihad: 121 of our fighters killed in Gaza". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 30 September 2014.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 "Report of the detailed findings of the Commission of Inquiry on the 2014 Gaza Conflict".
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 Annex: Palestinian Fatality Figures in the 2014 Gaza Conflict from report The 2014 Gaza Conflict: Factual and Legal Aspects, Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 14 June 2015
  22. "Gaza: Palestinians tortured, summarily killed by Hamas forces during 2014 conflict". Amnesty International. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2022. 'Strangling Necks': Abduction, torture and summary killings of Palestinians by Hamas forces during the 2014 Gaza/Israel conflict highlights a series of abuses, such as the extrajudicial execution of at least 23 Palestinians and the arrest and torture of dozens of others, including members and supporters of Hamas's political rivals, Fatah.
  23. Nathan Thrall (1 August 2014). "Hamas's Chances". London Review of Books. 36 (16).
  24. Jack Khoury, Hamas claims responsibility for three Israeli teens' kidnapping and murder', Haaretz, 21 August 2014.
  25. 'Mashal: Hamas was behind murder of three Israeli teens', Ynet, 22 August 2014.
  26. Zonszein, Mairav (27 March 2015). "Israel killed more Palestinians in 2014 than in any other year since 1967". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 3 March 2020.