2019 Pacific typhoon season

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Season summary map

The 2019 Pacific typhoon season is an event that began on December 31, 2018 and is currently ongoing. It’s based on typhoons coming to the coasts of countries around the Pacific ocean. The storms that have formed during the period are listed below.

Season summary[change | change source]

Typhoons Lekima and Krosa
Typhoon Lekima (2019)Typhoon Wutip (2019)Tropical Storm Pabuk (2019)

The season started with Tropical Storm Pabuk active to the east of Thailand, which had formed on the last day of 2018, and being named on the first day of 2019, becoming the earliest-forming tropical storm of the Western Pacific Ocean on record, breaking the previous record held by Typhoon Alice in 1979. The storm tracked westward for three days before crossing over to the North Indian Ocean. A weak tropical depression formed near the Philippines and was named Amang by PAGASA, but quickly degenerated into a remnant low. Typhoon Wutip (Betty) developed on February 18 and became the season's first super typhoon, becoming the strongest February typhoon on record. A month later, Tropical Depression 03W formed and was named "Chedeng" by PAGASA, which later made landfall in Mindanao and dissipated in the Sulu Sea. May was rather inactive with many tropical depressions forming but never intensifying. During late June, tropical activity fired up, as Tropical Depression Dodong formed east of Philippines which absorbed another tropical depression in the South China Sea, and intensified into tropical storm Sepat. Sepat then moved northeast and became extratropical. After Sepat, Tropical Depression 04W (Egay) formed, which dropped rainfall over the drought-stricken Luzon; but soon dissipated due to unfavorable conditions. Another tropical depression formed in the South China Sea in early July, which later became Tropical Storm Mun and made landfall in Vietnam. By late July, the season kickstarted with Tropical Storms Nari and Wipha and Typhoon Francisco, later followed by Typhoon Lekima and Krosa. Lekima and Krosa later became typhoons, with Lekima intensifying into the 2nd super typhoon of the 2019 season. 3 tropical depressions in mid-August was monitored by JMA, but only one of them intensified into Severe Tropical Storm Bailu (Ineng). Another Tropical Depression formed in late-August, and then intensified into Tropical Storm Podul (Jenny). Another trio of depressions formed in late-August, and soon, the first became Typhoon Lingling (Liwayway), the second Tropical Storm Kajiki (Kabayan), and the third Typhoon Faxai. Lingling then intensified into a Category 4, becoming the season’s 4th major typhoon in the 2019 season, and making landfall in Korea as a typhoon. Faxai also rapidly intensified into a Category 4, the season’s fifth major typhoon. A subtropical depression formed in the East China Sea on mid-September, along with another tropical depression. One of the depressions became Marilyn.

The first half of the 2019 season proved unusually quiet. For the first time since reliable records began in 1950, no typhoons existed between February 27 and August 4.[1]

Storm names[change | change source]

Within the Northwest Pacific Ocean, both the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) and the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) assign names to tropical cyclones that develop in the Western Pacific, which can result in a tropical cyclone having two names.[2] The Japan Meteorological Agency's RSMC Tokyo — Typhoon Center assigns international names to tropical cyclones on behalf of the World Meteorological Organization's Typhoon Committee, should they be judged to have 10-minute sustained windspeeds of 65 km/h (40 mph).[3] PAGASA names to tropical cyclones which move into or form as a tropical depression in their area of responsibility located between 135°E and 115°E and between 5°N and 25°N even if the cyclone has had an international name assigned to it.[2] The names of significant tropical cyclones are retired, by both PAGASA and the Typhoon Committee.[3] Should the list of names for the Philippine region be exhausted then names will be taken from an auxiliary list of which the first ten are published each season. Unused names are marked in gray.

International names[change | change source]

A tropical cyclone is named when it is judged to have 10-minute sustained wind speeds of 65 km/h (40 mph).[4] The JMA selected the names from a list of 140 names, that had been developed by the 14 members nations and territories of the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee.[5] Retired names, if any, will be announced by the WMO in 2020, though replacement names will be announced in 2021. The next 28 names on the naming list are listed here along with their international numeric designation, if they are used. During the season, the name Mun was used for the first time, after it replaced the name Fitow, which was retired after the 2013 season.

  • Pabuk (1901)
  • Wutip (1902)
  • Sepat (1903)
  • Mun (1904)
  • Danas (1905)
  • Nari (1906)
  • Wipha (1907)
  • Francisco (1908)
  • Lekima (1909)
  • Krosa (1910)
  • Bailu (1911)
  • Podul (1912)
  • Lingling (1913)
  • Kajiki (1914)
  • Faxai (unused)
  • Peipah (unused)
  • Tapah (unused)
  • Mitag (unused)
  • Hagibis (unused)
  • Neoguri (unused)
  • Bualoi (unused)
  • Matmo (unused)
  • Halong (unused)
  • Nakri (unused)
  • Fengshen (unused)
  • Kalmaegi (unused)
  • Fung-wong (unused)
  • Kammuri (unused)

Philippines[change | change source]

This season, PAGASA will use its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones that either develop within or move into their self-defined area of responsibility.[6] The names were taken from a list of names last used during 2015 and are scheduled to be used again during 2023.[6] All of the names are the same except Liwayway and Nimfa, replacing the names Lando and Nona after these were retired.[6]

  • Amang
  • Betty (1902)
  • Chedeng
  • Dodong (1903)
  • Egay
  • Falcon (1905)
  • Goring
  • Hanna (1909)
  • Ineng (1911)
  • Jenny (1912)
  • Kabayan (1914)
  • Liwayway (1913)
  • Marilyn (active)
  • Nimfa (unused)
  • Onyok (unused)
  • Perla (unused)
  • Quiel (unused)
  • Ramon (unused)
  • Sarah (unused)
  • Tisoy (unused)
  • Ursula (unused)
  • Viring (unused)
  • Weng (unused)
  • Yoyoy (unused)
  • Zigzag (unused)
Auxiliary list
  • Abe (unused)
  • Berto (unused)
  • Charo (unused)
  • Dado (unused)
  • Estoy (unused)
  • Felion (unused)
  • Gening (unused)
  • Herman (unused)
  • Irma (unused)
  • Jaime (unused)

Season effects[change | change source]

This table summarizes all the systems that developed within or moved into the North Pacific Ocean, to the west of the International Date Line during 2019. The tables also provide a brief summary of a systems intensity, duration, land areas affected and any deaths or damages associated with the system.

Name Dates active Peak classification Sustained
wind speeds
Pressure Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
Pabuk December 31, 2018 – January 4, 2019 Tropical storm 85 km/h (50 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) Natuna Islands, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar $157 million 10
01W (Amang) January 4 – 22 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Caroline Islands, Philippines $6.04 million 10
Wutip (Betty) February 18 – March 2 Typhoon 195 km/h (120 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands $3.3 million None
03W (Chedeng) March 14 – 19 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) Caroline Islands, Philippines $23 thousand None
TD May 7 – 8 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Yap, Palau None None
TD May 7 – 12 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Caroline Islands None None
TD May 10 – 11 Tropical depression Not specified 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) Mariana Islands None None
TD May 13 – 15 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) Caroline Islands None None
Sepat (Dodong) June 24 – 28 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 994 hPa (29.35 inHg) Japan, Aleutian Islands, Russian Far East None None
TD June 26 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) Japan, Korean Peninsula None None
04W (Egay) June 27 – July 1 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) Yap, Philippines, Taiwan, East China None None
Mun July 1 – 4 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 992 hPa (29.29 inHg) South China, Vietnam, Laos $240 thousand 2
Danas (Falcon) July 14 – 21 Tropical storm 85 km/h (50 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Yap, Philippines, Taiwan, East China, Japan, Korean Peninsula, Russian Far East $6.42 million 6
Goring July 17 – 19 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands None None
Nari July 24 – 28 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) Japan None None
Wipha July 30 – August 3 Tropical storm 85 km/h (50 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) South China, Vietnam, Laos $44.3 million 27
Francisco August 1 – 7 Typhoon 130 km/h (80 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) Japan, Korean Peninsula Unknown 1
Lekima (Hanna) August 2 – 14 Typhoon 195 km/h (120 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) Caroline Islands, Philippines, Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, China $9.28 billion 90 [7][8][9][10]
Krosa August 5 – 16 Typhoon 155 km/h (100 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Mariana Islands, Japan, Korean Peninsula, Russian Far East $2.64 million 3
TD August 6 – 8 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) Philippines None None
TD August 17 – 18 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) None None None
TD August 19 – 21 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Ryukyu Islands, Taiwan, East China None None
Bailu (Ineng) August 20 – 26 Severe tropical storm 95 km/h (60 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, South China $28.2 million 3
Podul (Jenny) August 25 – 31 Tropical storm 85 km/h (50 mph) 992 hPa (29.29 inHg) Yap, Philippines, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia Unknown 1
14W August 30 – Present Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) Wake Island None None
Kajiki (Kabayan) August 30 – Present Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) Philippines, South China, Vietnam None None
Lingling (Liwayway) August 31 – Present Typhoon 130 km/h (80 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Philippines None None
TD September 1 – 2 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) Philippines None None
TD September 4 – 5 Tropical depression Not specified 1006 hPa (29.71 inHg) Caroline Islands None None
TD September 7 – 10 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) Ryukyu Islands None None
Marilyn September 10 – Present Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) Caroline Islands None None
Season aggregates
31 systems December 31, 2018 –
Season ongoing
195 km/h (120 mph) 920 hPa (27.17 inHg) $9.54 billion 184

References[change | change source]

  1. Philip Klotzbach [philklotzbach] (August 5, 2019). "#Francisco is now a #typhoon - the first in the western North Pacific since February 27. No other #typhoon season on record (since 1950) had 0 typhoons between February 28 - August 4" (Tweet). Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Padgett, Gary. "Monthly Tropical Cyclone Summary December 1999". Australian Severe Weather. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved October 1, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. 3.0 3.1 The Typhoon Committee (February 21, 2013). "Typhoon Committee Operational Manual 2013" (PDF). World Meteorological Organization. pp. 37–38. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved October 1, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  4. "REVIEW OF THE 2015 TYPHOON SEASON (submitted by the RSMC Tokyo – Typhoon Center)" (PDF). Typhooncommittee.org. Retrieved 13 December 2018.
  5. Zhou, Xiao; Lei, Xiaotu (2012). "Summary of retired typhoons within the Western North Pacific Ocean". Tropical Cyclone Research and Review (The Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific/World Meteorological Organization's Typhoon Committee) 1 (1): 23–32. doi:10.6057/2012TCRR01.03. ISSN 2225-6032. http://tcrr.typhoon.gov.cn/EN/article/downloadArticleFile.do?attachType=PDF&id=7. Retrieved December 21, 2014. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Philippine Tropical Cyclone Names". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on December 28, 2016. Retrieved April 18, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  7. "Typhoon Lekima leaves 45 dead, 16 missing in China". China.org.cn. 12 August 2019. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  8. https://www.theweek.in/news/world/2019/08/12/typhoon-lekima-45-dead-one-million-displaced-in-china.html
  9. https://www.indiatoday.in/world/story/typhoon-lekima-45-killed-over-a-million-displaced-in-china-1580095-2019-08-12
  10. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-08-12/typhoon-lekima-claims-dozens-lives-in-china-as-damage-totals-3bn/11404132