2020 China–India skirmishes

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China–India skirmishes
Part of the Sino-Indian border dispute
Survey of India Road Map Cropped.jpg
A Survey of India map cropped to Ladakh area. Red ink marks depict rough location of Daulat Beg Oldi Road (near the top) and Pangong Tso (near the bottom), two of the areas Chinese and Indian troops have skirmished over. Note the border in this map shows Indian claims instead of Line of Actual Control.
Date5 May 2020 – present
Line of Actual Control (LAC),
Indo-China border


  • Casus belli: Unresolved borders, border infrastructure development
 India  China
Commanders and leaders

Ram Nath Kovind
(President of India)

Narendra Modi
(Prime Minister of India)
Rajnath Singh (Defence Minister of India)
Bipin Rawat (Chief of Defence Staff)
Manoj Mukund Naravane (Chief of the Army Staff)
Yogesh Kumar Joshi (GOC-in-C, Northern Command)
Xi Jinping
(CCP General Secretary & CMC Chairman) Xu Qiliang
(CMC Vice Chairman)
Zhang Youxia
(CMC Vice Chairman)
Units involved

Indian Armed Forces

 People's Liberation Army

Casualties and losses
21 killed 43 killed

The 2020 China–India skirmishes are part of an ongoing military standoffs between China and India. Since 5 May 2020, Chinese and Indian troops have reportedly engaged in aggressive actions, face-offs, and other kinds of intense military action at locations along the Sino-Indian border.

Hand-to-hand combat on 16 June 2020 resulted in the death of 20 Indian soldiers (including an officer),[1] Indian media sources have so far claimed that at least 43 Chinese soldiers were either dead or injured (including the death of an officer)[2][3] while US intelligence sources reportedly believe that 35 Chinese soldiers are dead, including a senior officer.[4][5][6][7]

Incidents have taken place near the Pangong Lake in Ladakh and the Nathu La pass in Sikkim. In addition, face-offs are ongoing at locations in eastern Ladakh, along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) which was the result of the 1962 Sino-Indian War.

China captured 60 km2. of Indian-patrolled territory between May and June 2020.[8][9]

References[change | change source]

  1. "India soldiers killed in clash with Chinese forces". BBC News. 16 June 2020. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  2. Commanding Officer of Chinese Unit among those killed in face-off with Indian troops in Galwan Valley
  3. "Chinese military urges India to return to correct track of dialogue, negotiations". People's Daily. 2020-06-17. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  4. [1]
  5. Ladakh face-off | Govt sources cite U.S. intelligence to claim China suffered 35 casualties - The Hindu
  6. India-China Galwan valley clash: 35 Chinese soldiers died, report cites US intelligence - The Financial Express
  7. Galwan clash: China suffered 35 casualties, say sources quoting US intel | Business Standard News
  8. Ajai Shukla (8 June 2020). "China has captured 60 sq km of Indian land!". Rediff. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  9. Biswas, Soutik (16 June 2020). "An extraordinary escalation 'using rocks and clubs'". BBC News. Retrieved 17 June 2020.