2020 China–India skirmishes

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China–India skirmishes
Part of the Sino-Indian border dispute
Kashmir Region (2020 skirmish locations).jpg
A CIA map of Kashmir with red circles marking the rough locations.
Date5 May 2020 – present
Line of Actual Control (LAC),
Indo-China border


  • Casus belli: Unresolved borders, border infrastructure development
 India  China
Commanders and leaders

Ram Nath Kovind
(President of India)

Narendra Modi
(Prime Minister of India)
Rajnath Singh (Defence Minister of India)
Bipin Rawat (Chief of Defence Staff)
Manoj Mukund Naravane (Chief of the Army Staff)
Yogesh Kumar Joshi (GOC-in-C, Northern Command)
Xi Jinping
(CCP General Secretary & CMC Chairman) Xu Qiliang
(CMC Vice Chairman)
Zhang Youxia
(CMC Vice Chairman)
Units involved

Indian Armed Forces

 People's Liberation Army

Casualties and losses
20 killed, 76 injured 4 killed, 1 injured

The 2020 China–India skirmishes are part of an ongoing military standoffs between China and India. Since 5 May 2020, Chinese and Indian troops have reportedly engaged in aggressive actions, face-offs, and other kinds of intense military action at locations along the Sino-Indian border.

Hand-to-hand combat on 16 June 2020 resulted in the death of 20 Indian soldiers (including an officer),[1] Indian media sources have so far claimed that at least 43 Chinese soldiers were either dead or injured (including the death of an officer)[2][3] while US intelligence sources reportedly believe that 35 Chinese soldiers are dead, including a senior officer.[4][5][6][7]

Incidents have taken place near the Pangong Lake in Ladakh and the Nathu La pass in Sikkim. In addition, face-offs are ongoing at locations in eastern Ladakh, along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) which was the result of the 1962 Sino-Indian War.

According to some reports, China captured 60 km2. of Indian-patrolled territory between May and June 2020.[8][9] However, China has denied capturing any territory and both countries agreed to disengage by June 2020.[10]

Between this clash, the Indian government hasn't admitted publicly to Indian citizens that Chinese PLA troops have trangressed their territory. On 6 August 2020 one such document was published in Ministry of Defense website of India claiming that the current clash is expected to be prolonged. This document was taken down by the official website.[11]

According to S Jaishankar, the External Affairs Minister of India, the ongoing military standoff is a result of Beijing not following the existing agreements.[12]

References[change | change source]

  1. "India soldiers killed in clash with Chinese forces". BBC News. 16 June 2020. Retrieved 16 June 2020.
  2. Commanding Officer of Chinese Unit among those killed in face-off with Indian troops in Galwan Valley
  3. "Chinese military urges India to return to correct track of dialogue, negotiations". People's Daily. 2020-06-17. Retrieved 2020-06-17.
  4. [1]
  5. Ladakh face-off | Govt sources cite U.S. intelligence to claim China suffered 35 casualties - The Hindu
  6. India-China Galwan valley clash: 35 Chinese soldiers died, report cites US intelligence - The Financial Express
  7. Galwan clash: China suffered 35 casualties, say sources quoting US intel | Business Standard News
  8. Ajai Shukla (8 June 2020). "China has captured 60 sq km of Indian land!". Rediff. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  9. Biswas, Soutik (16 June 2020). "An extraordinary escalation 'using rocks and clubs'". BBC News. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  10. India, China agree on "complete disengagement" of troops from eastern Ladakh in timely manner - The Economic Times
  11. "China to draw a new LAC along the border?". wetherevolution.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2020-08-29.
  12. "Danger of Ladakh crisis is it will dissipate goodwill: Jaishankar". The Indian Express. 2020-12-13. Retrieved 2020-12-18.